Harriet Tubman

By: Guadalupe Arellano

"Every great dream begins with a dreamer. Always remember, you have within you the strength, the patience, and the passion to reach for the stars to change the world."


- Harriet Tubman

Backgound Information

    Born: March 1822, Dorchester County, Maryland, MD

    Died: March 10, 1913, Auburn, NY

    Full Name: Harriet Tubman

    Children: Gertie Davis

    Spouse: Nelson Davis (m. 1869–1888), John Tubman (m. 1844–1851)



Early Life and Hardships

  • Harriet Tubman was born to enslaved parents in Dorchester County, Maryland, and originally named Araminta Harriet Ross. Her mother, Harriet “Rit” Green, was owned by Mary Pattison Brodess. Her father, Ben Ross, was owned by Anthony Thompson, who eventually married Mary Brodess.
  • Physical violence was part of daily life for Tubman and her family. The violence she suffered earlier in her life caused permanent/physical injuries.
  • Tubman endured seizures, severe headaches and narcoleptic episodes for the rest of her life. She also experienced intense dream states, which she classified as "religious experiences."
  • In 1844 Harriet married a man named John Tubman who later died in 1851.
  • In 1869 Harriet remarried to a man named Nelson Davis.

Acomplishments

Harriet Tubman was an American woman who escaped from slavery in the South to become a leading abolitionist before the American Civil War. She was born in Maryland in 1820, and successfully escaped in 1849. Yet she returned many times to rescue both family members and non-relatives from the plantation system. She led hundreds to freedom in the North as the most famous "conductor" on the Underground Railroad, an elaborate secret network of safe houses organized for that purpose.

Facts

  • Harriet earned the nickname "Moses" after the prophet Moses in the Bible who led his people to freedom. In all of her journeys she "never lost a single passenger."
  • Harriet had one daughter, Gertie, whom she and her second husband (Nelson Davis) adopted after the Civil war.
  • Her birth name was Araminta Ross. She was nicknamed “Minty” by her mother.
  • During the Civil War she was paid $200 over a period of 3 years. She supported herself by selling pies.
  • in ten years conducting the Underground Railroad she had made 19 trips and guided her parents, siblings, relatives and friends for a total of around 300 slaves. Some were guided by her and others followed her instructions.

    Citations

    • Quote - "Harriet Tubman Quotes." BrainyQuote. Xplore. Web. 8 Dec. 2015
    • Background Information - Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation. Web. 9 Dec. 2015.
    • Early life and Hardships- Bio.com. A&E Networks Television. Web. 10 Dec. 2015.
    • Accomplishments- Bio.com. A&E Networks Television. Web. 10 Dec. 2015.
    • Facts- "Facts." Harriet Tubman. Web. 10 Dec. 2015.
    • Image #1- Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation. Web. 11 Dec. 2015.
    • Image #2- "How Harriet Tubman Worked as Moses, Taking Slaves to Freedom."About.com Education. Web. 11 Dec. 2015.
    • Image #3- "Harriet Tubman." City Vision College. Web. 11 Dec. 2015.