Behavioral Psychology

by Hayzelle Lababit


It's a branch of psychology that observes on behavior. Conditioning, reinforcement, and punishment are key concepts used by behaviorists. It is also one of the major topics in psychology.

People who studied or researched behavioral psychology

  • B.F. Skinner: He did research on operant conditioning that made him one of the leaders of behaviorism. He developed a device called the "cumulative recorder," which showed rates of responding as a sloped line. He then found out that behaviors were dependent upon what happens after the response. Skinner called this operant behavior.

  • Ivan Pavlov: Ivan was primarily interested in physiology, but his discovery of conditional reflexes heavily influenced the behaviorist movement. Other researchers utilized Pavlov's work in the study of conditioning as a form of learning. His research also demonstrated techniques of studying reactions to the environment in an objective, scientific method.

More info of this perspective

Today, the behavioral perspective is still concerned with how behaviors are learned and reinforced. Behavioral psychology is a perspective that focuses on learned behaviors. They're often applied in mental health settings.

Types of jobs most people do

In this field, they mostly study people's behavior. Like for example, a psychologist observes his patient which is an aggressive child. The psychologist then studies why the child has an aggressive behavior towards his/her parents and friends.

Types of experiments they do

Ivan Pavlov used an experiment called classical conditioning on his patients, classical conditioning is studied by every entry-level psychology student, There's another experiment called "The Little Albert Experiment". This experiment was a famous psychology experiment conducted by behaviorist John B. Watson and graduate student Rosalie Raynor. Last but not least, is the experiment called "The Asch Conformity Experiment". Researchers have long been interested in the degree to which people follow or rebel against social norms.