Concentrations Camps

Concentration Camps during WWII

What is a concentration camp?

A concentration camp is a prison-like place created to confine selected groups of people, usually for political reasons. Men, women and children are all confined in the camp. Concentration camps usually consist of barracks, huts, or tents, surrounded by watchtowers, and barbed-wire fences. Other names for concentration camps are corrective labor camps, relocation centers, and reception centers. The Nazis established concentration camps in Germany almost immediately after gaining power on January 30, 1933.

Impact On The Holocaust

Over one million children, two million women, and three million men were murdered in concentration camps during the Holocaust. Even after the liberation, many survivors of the concentration camps feared to go back home because of the hatred of Jews that still went on in parts of Europe. For example, in postwar Poland, there were a lot of pogroms ( violent anti-Jewish riots), the largest being in a town called Kielce in 1946 where rioters killed at least 46 Jews, and beat many others.

Other Facts

Quotes From Famous Jews

Anne Frank

“I was stunned. A call-up, everyone knows what that means. Visions of concentration camps and lonely cells raced through my head.” The Diary of Anne Frank (1952) Every Jews' nightmare was to end up in the concentration camps.

Elie Weisel

"In the concentration camps, we discovered this whole universe where everyone had his place. The killer came to kill and the victim came to die." Elie Weisel in Night (1958)