Into the Mind of a Psychologist

Taught by: Dorian, Dylan, Isaac, Jake

The Scopes of Psychology

  • Psychology provides knowledge into why people behave they way they do.

    • It helps to better understand why we do things the way we do

    • Also, why we behave certain ways in different situations

    • Our feelings, behaviors, attitudes, and thoughts

    • It's also strengthens our appreciation, tolerance, and differences of people around us

  • The study of psychology helps educate people on the fiction the media says is psychology facts

    • It evaluates the claims of the media and establishes if they are scientifically based or true statements

  • Psychology: the scientific study of the behavior of humans and other animals

    • Three different studies in Psychology

      • Scientific study

      • Studies behavior

      • Study of other animals as well as humans

  • Psychology is a scientific study

    • Involves knowing how to deal with people efficiently

    • More than common sense

    • Scientific method research provides enlightening and reliable information about behavior that we may not be able to figure out by ourselves

    • Common sense, causes opinions rarely based on facts

    • Scientific method, investigates the subject

      • Can't answer everything, theories constantly change

  • The study of behavior

    • Study behavioral and mental processes

    • Hope that mental process theories can be based off observations of behavior

    • Psychology does not only study behaviors that can be observed by an onlooker

    • It does not only study only dreams and repressed memories

      • Also studies observable behavior and mental processes

    • The Study of humans and other animals

    • Study Rats, Dogs, Cats, and even Insects

    • There are 5 main reasons for the study of animals

      • Simpilar Model

        • easier to understand a simpler model

      • Research can provide greater control

        • More control of variables, causing more precise conclusions

        • Also conditions, hunger, rest, and stress can be monitored

      • Ethical considerations

        • Questions ethically would be raised if certain experiments were performed on people

        • Testing of animals is still ethical

      • Practical one

        • Animals are all ready for experimentation

          • Minimal cost

        • Always available

      • To learn more about animal behavior

        • provide important info to feeding, social, and reproductive behaviors of species

          • helpful for their survival

          • helps save the animals environments

  • Psychology defined as a scientific study of behavior, but it is truly much more than that

The Roots of Psychology

The roots of psychology lie with the ancient Greek philosophers such as Plato and Aristotle who questioned why humans had emotions, feelings, and behavior. These questions persisted into the Enlightenment with Rene Descartes and John Locke furthering these questions. Eventually the science of physiology and the scientific method would push into the creation of psychology.

History's Greatest Psychologist

Fields of Specialization

Cognitive psychology

  • Focuses on ways in which organisms process information
  • Psychologists study internal mental processes such as thinking, memory, language, problem-solving, and creativity

Developmental Psychology

  • Concerned with factors that influence development shape behavior throughout the life cycle, from conception to old age
  • Psychologists often focus on specific phase of development and examine how a particular ability or trait evolves and unfolds during that phase

Social Psychology

  • Concerned with studying the impact of social environments on the individual
  • Psychologists study attitude formation and change, social perception, conformity, social roles, prejudice, interpersonal attraction, and aggression

Personality Psychology

  • Focuses on exploring uniqueness of the individual, describing the key elements that make up personality and investigating how personality develops and influences people's personalities
  • Psychologists have different opinions on key elements of personality

Experimental Psychology

  • Primary activity is conducting research
  • Psychologists prefer to conduct research in laboratory, where they have precise control over factors that influence behavior

Biological Psychology (aka Physiological Psychology) (aka Neuroscience)

  • Focuses on relationship between behavior and physiological processes within the brain and nervous system
  • Psychologists study brain structures and processes involved in emotion, learning, memory, physiological disorders and the effects of drugs

Clinical/Counseling Psychology

  • Both involved in diagnosis and treatment of psychological problems
  • Psychologists tend to work in schools

Clinical psychologists deal with more serious and behavioral problems

  • Counseling psychologists deal with social problems and problems of adjustment

Educational Psychology

  • Focuses on the study and application of learning and teaching methods
  • Psychologists study ways to improve educational curricula and help train teachers

School Psychology

  • Focuses on evaluating students' interests and abilities
  • Psychologists assist schools in developing programs for gifted and challenged students
  • Help resolve student learning and emotional problems

Industrial/Organizational Psychology

  • Uses psychological concepts to make the workplace a more satisfying environment for both employees and management
  • Psychologists design programs within companies to improve morale, increase job satisfaction, create better communication, enhance productivity, and increase workers' involvement in decision making

Engineering Psychology (aka Human Factors Psychology)

  • Focuses on creating optimal relationships among people, the machines they operate, and the environments they work in

Health Psychology

  • Focuses on interaction between behavioral factors and physical health

Positive Psychology

  • Study of human behavior aimed at discovering and promoting the positive strengths and attributes that enable individual to thrive and succeed

Forensic Psychology

  • Works with the legal, court, and correctional systems to develop personality profiles of criminals, make decisions about disposition of convicted offenders, and helps law enforcers understand behavioral problems

Artificial Intelligence

  • Researchers develop computer models to simulate human cognitive processes and to solve problems

Connectionism

  • Learning theory proposed by Thorndike
  • Researchers develop computer hardware that simulates parallel connections among neurons in the brain
  • Focused on discovering the neurobiological mechanisms underlying learned associations
  • Machines more powerful than artificial intelligence

Evolutionary Psychology

  • Uses Darwin's theory of natural selection to explain modern human behavior

Cultural Psychology

  • Investigates how cultural and religious traditions and practices shape and contribute to differences in human behavior

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Careers in Psychology

Psychological Associations

American Psychological Association (APA) is the major professional organization of psychologists in the United States

Association for Psychological Science (APS) was founded for the purpose of better representing the academic and research interests of psychology and to more effectively promote psychology as a science

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The Goals of Psychology

Understanding, predicting, controlling, and influence

Psychologists are spread out in many field involved with dealing with people

Seeks to help people

Understand why people do something. Why they react certain ways. This can help people to be healthier. Scientists and doctors will learn to help people in ways that could never have been thought of before. The power of the mind is very great. Hopefully the use of science to help predict when someone might do something.

The use of research to help control people's behaviors, preventing certain actions from occurring, influencing how people do something, thus controlling them to prevent or promote certain actions.

Controlling examples are helping worker productivity, someone with posts traumatic stress deal with thus helping them control episode.

Continue developing the field as it is still in its adolocesene.

"Psychology, unlike chemistry, unlike algebra, unlike literature, is an owner's manual for your own mind. It's a guide to life."