Salvia Specifics

How does Salvia impact our brain and behavior?

The Description of Salvia:

Salvia (salvia divinorum) is a psychoactive plant that induces dissociative effects and produces visions/other hallucinatory experiences. The active ingredient in this herb is salvinorin A, a chemical that acts on certain receptors in the brain and causes halluncinations. The plant itself is an herb that is part of the mint family. It has large green leaves with white and purple flowers that typically grow in large clusters to more than 3 feet high.


The Classification of Salvia:

Salvia is classified as a hallucinogenic herb/drug as it alters your sensory perception and causes vivid hallucinations.


The Slang Terms/Street Names for Salvia:

Salvia is also known as Magic Mint, Mexican Mint, Sally-D, Ska Pastora, and Shepherdess's Herb.


Ways to Ingest Salvia:

Salvia is usually ingest by chewing the fresh leaves of the plant or by drinking its extracted juices. The dried leaves of salvia can also be smoked in rolled cigarettes or pipes, or vaporized and inhaled.


Medicinal Uses of Saliva:

Although salvia is not approved for medical use in the U.S., early research has shown that this drug could help treat Alzheimer's disease, schizophrenia, bipolar disorders, dementia, and pain/substance abuse. However, salvia is most commonly used for medical reasons involving respiratory problems: infections, cough, cold, and sore throat. It could potentially also be used as an appetite and uterine stimulant.


How Salvia Alters Consciousness:

Salvia has 6 different levels that range from subtle effects and relaxation to vivid visionary states where 3-dimensional realistic appearing scenes occur, dream-like feelings, loss of reality, and loss of consciousness. After the 6th level, the user will have no recollection of what happened or what they did. An altered perception of reality is caused when the chemical salvinorin A, which is contained in salvia, sits on the kappa opioid receptors in the brain.


Short Term Effects of Salvia:

Depending on the dosage, a user's reaction can vary from subtle effects to a full-blown psychedelic experience. Salvia has been known to induce an intense hallucinatory experience. Some of these effects include vivid visions, lack of coordination, distortion of time, intense laughter, difficulty speaking, anxious or depressed feelings, and feelings of merging with/becoming objects. These effects can last from a few minutes up to an hour, depending on the way the drug was ingested and the dosage amount.


Long Term Effects of Salvia:

Research has shown that the plant contains neoclerodane diterpenes that could have therapeutic potential for helping people with drug abuse problems. However, because not many long term effects have been noted, it can only be said that harm from salvia most likely occurs from inadequate preparation or from using the drug in a setting where it is dangerous to be intoxicated from any type of drug. These kinds of effects could include injuries or possibly death if, for example, the user was driving a car and got in an accident.


Dependence on Salvia:

There has been no reports of a physical or psychological dependence of the use of salvia. In addition, no withdrawal symptoms have been reported. Although people may continue the use of salvia to escape their own reality, there has been no evidence of any type of psychological or physiological dependence.


A Myth of Salvia:

Salvia is illegal-

Salvia divinorum is actually completely legal in most areas and can be purchased through a variety of forms. It can be purchased through the internet, as well as retail stores that can be found in most countries and states. There are 7 states that salvia is a controlled substance and cannot be purchased, but through most other countries in the world and states, salvia can be easily purchased.

Anti-Drug Media Example:

"The Doctors Explain What Salvia Is"


The Doctors Explain What Salvia Is

Citations:

-http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=inwYLfQ8xuE

-http://www.drugfree.org/drug-guide/salvia-divinorum

-http://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/drugfacts/salvia

-http://teenhealth.about.com/od/substanceuse/a/salvia.htm

-http://www.justthinktwice.com/drugs/salvia_divinorum.html

-http://parentingteens.about.com/od/teendruguse/a/Salvia-Teens-Drug-Use.htm

-http://health-from-nature.net/Sage.html

-http://www.utepprospector.com/news/hallucinogenic-salvia-may-also-have-medical-

use-causing-controversy-1.1006995#.Um8GEyhMh91

-http://www.salvia-divinorum.nl/en/salvia-divinorum-trips_en.html

-http://www.reviewandcompareit.com/salvia-effects.html

-http://www.sagewisdom.org/legalstatus.html

-http://www.the-salvia-dream.com/buysalviadivinorum.html

-http://www.extension.iastate.edu/newsrel/2003/jul03/jul0321.html

-http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Salvia_divinorum

-http://www.absinth.com/salvia_divinorum.html

-http://www.erowid.org/plants/salvia/salvia_extraction4.shtml

-http://gawker.com/5716961/miley-cyrus-friend-mocks-her-in-salvia-music-video

-http://www.freshsalvia.com/blog/dmt-vs-salvia-how-to-pick-which-to-do-first