Ancient Greece

By: Jayde Steffen

Intro.

My research project is about Ancient Greece. My topics are The Heritage of the Greeks, The Progress of the Helenstenic Age, and How the Greek culture survived, also I did some of the Greek Gods.

The Heritage of the Greeks

The Heritage of the Greeks survived long after they lost their independence. The men of genius left their stamp on the Golden Age of Greece, they sprang up everywhere. When the creative age had passed greek artists and philosphers were sought out as teachers. What ideas did they world want? To follow them wherever it led.

The Progress of the Helenstenic Age

Alexander died 323 bc. Alexanderia was founded by Alexander. It had a famous library founded by Ptomely. It was said to have 700,000 papyrus manuscripts. Literature and art from the early days ( For the Greeks) was looked at for inspiration. However in science it was all original work.

How the Greek Culture Survived

The Helenstenic Age ended when a establishment of the Roman Empire in 31 bc. Romans borrowed science from the Greeks, but they did their own Philosophy of Stoidsm. Christianity grew and profoundly influenced by Greek thought. the light shone again during the middle ages with the founding of the great universities on Italy, France and England. Modern science rests on the Greek idea they had on how humankind's capacity to solve problems by rational methods. This is how the Greek culture survived.

The Greek Gods

  • Zeus- God of the sky Symbol: Lighting bolt and Eagle.
  • Poseidon- God of the sea Symbol: 3 pointed trident.
  • Hades- God of the underworld Symbol: The helm of darkness.
  • Hera- Goddess of Marriage, Mothers, and Families Symbol Cow, Pomegranate, and the Peacock
  • Aphrodite-Goddess of love and beauty Symbol: The dove.
  • Athena- Goddess of wisdom, war, battle strategy, and useful arts Symbol: The owl.
  • Hephaestus- God of the Forge Fire and Blacksmiths Symbol: The anvil and Hammer.
  • Ares- God of War Symbol: A bloody spear and wild boar.
  • Dionysus- God of wine Symbol: The Leopard and The Grape Vine.
  • Nemesis- Goddess of Revenge Symbol: Doesn't have one.
  • Nike- Goddess of Victory Symbol: Doesn't have one.
  • Tyche- Goddess of Good Luck and Fortune Symbol: Doesn't have one.
  • Apollo- God of Archery, Music, Poetry, Prophecy, Medicine, and the Sun. Symbol: The Lyre and the Laurel Wreath.
  • Hermes- God of the Roadway, Travelers, and Thieves. Symbol: Caduceus
  • Eros/Cupid- God of Love Symbol: Has some of Aphrodite's ( his mother) symbol except for one which is his own two arrows one of gold and one of lead.
  • Artemis- Goddess of the Hunt, Young Maidens, and the Moon Symbol: The moon and The Deer.
  • Demeter- Goddess of agriculture Symbol: Torch and Corn Plant.
  • Persephone- Queen of the underworld, Goddess of the Spring Growth.
  • Iris- Goddess of the Rainbow and the messenger of the gods Symbol: Doesn't have one.

Conclusion

Those were some of the Greek Gods and their symbols. I learned a lot doing this project i'm glad I chose Ancient Greece I learned a lot of things I didn't know. I hope you learned some new things like I did.

References

"ancient Greece." Britannica School. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 2014. Web. 13 Feb. 2014.

Riordan , Rick . "Meet the Greek Gods ." Meet the Greek Gods . N.p., n. d. Web. 13 Feb. 2014. <http://www.rickriordan.com/my-books/percy-jackson/explore-mythology/greek-gods.asp&xgt;.