The Present Continuous

For right now, currently, presently, at this moment.

Sometimes we also say the progressive or just the continuous.

Use a form of "to be" and add "ing" to the verb


I am listening.

You are reading.

He is eating.

She is sleeping.

It is raining.

We are studying.

They are walking.

Spelling Rules

When do you double the last letter before the ing?

If you are writing an ING word, and the stress is on the second syllable, the word gets a double consonant + ING.

  • Consonants = b, c, d, f, g, h, j, k, l, m, n, p, q, r, s, t, etc. (The vowels are A, E, I, O, and U)

  • prefer > preferring, admit > admitting, begin > beginning, permit > permitting

  • If the word ends in a Consonant, Vowel, Consonant pattern, it gets a double consonant + ING.

    Examples of how we double the consonants when adding ING: HOP > hopping,

    SIT > sitting, SWIM > swimming, WIN > winning, RUN > running

    We put an extra letter at the end before the ing with those words.

    You try:






    fax* > See the next section--this word is tricky.

  • There is an exception for words ending in w, x, y, and z. If they end in one of those letters don't double it.

    Examples of consonants we don't double: boxing, snowing, playing

    You try it:









    If the word ends in E, drop the E, add ING

    Examples of words ending in E: DANCE > dancing, LOVE > loving, SMILE > smiling,

    USE > using

    You try it:









    Write a sentence or two in the continuous for each picture.


    Remember to use the continuous for actions happening now. When we want to talk about an action that is happening now or at this time (and is unfinished), we use the present continuous tense. We also use this tense when we want to make clear that the action is temporary. Sorry, she can't come to the phone right now; she is having a bath.

    Sometimes we use the present continuous to talk about future plans as well.

    Are the following sentences correct? If not correct them.

    1. He singing.
    2. I is dancing.
    3. We are playing.
    4. The computer is working.
    5. They are thinkking.
    6. Maria is driveing.
    7. She's writing.
    8. I'm runing.
    9. I'm leaveing right now.
    10. You are listening.
    11. He's begining a new job.
    12. They are skateing.
    13. You're speaking too fast.
    14. She is eat.
    15. They are makeing dinner.
    16. He's fixxing my computer.
    17. Jose coming right now.
    18. We're swimming in the pool.
    19. I brushing my teeth.
    20. She's painting that chair beautifully.
    21. It snowing right now.
    22. The dog is eatting.
    23. It's drinking water too.
    24. My mom holding the baby.
    25. They're hug.