Created by Catherine Martin

What is Islam?

Islam is a very common belief system in the Middle East. Followers of the Islam religion are called Muslims. As a Muslim you believe that Allah is the the one and only God, you believe in angels, holy books, prophets such as Abraham, Moses, David, Jesus, and Muhammad, the day when everyone has to decide whether they will go to heaven or the underworld, and that Allah already knows what will happen. Some traditions are that you pray 5 times a day, always facing Mecca, you do charity, and during Ramadan you fast during daylight hours. Muslims worship in religious temples or mosques. This is also where they pray. A prayer leader is called Imam and a teacher is called marja. The Islamic religion studies the Qu'ran or Koran. Two major holidays are Ramadan and Eid al Fitr. Ramadan is the celebration of Allah giving Muhammad a message. Eid al Fitr is the end of Ramadan. It is celebrated by giving of gifts, food, and thanks. Some holy places are Jerusalem and Mecca. A common figure for Christianity, Judaism, and Islam is Abraham, who founded all three. In the Islamic religion they view God as one, making it a monotheistic religion.