The Colosseum

Est. 70AD - Rome, Italy

Largest Amphitheatre of the Roman Empire, and in the world.

The Colosseum could once seat 50,000 people as they watched gladiators and wild animals tear each other to pieces on the arena floor. There was a vast piping and water system under the ground and throughout the arena that would allow the arena floor to fill with water and become a site for "sea battles" with ships and boats. They would tie prisoners up and watch as wild animals would literally eat them right there in front of everyone. This arena was the main site for the Romans' public entertainment during the time of the enduring Roman empire.

Location

Absolute:

Piazza del Colosseo, 1, 00184

Rome, Italy

41° 53'29.61"N Latitude

12° 29'32.17"E Longitude


Relative:

Northern Hemisphere

Europe

Italy

Central-western Italy

West coast

East of Sicily

West of Athens, Greece

South of Geneva, Switzerland

East of the Roman Forum

Place

The Colosseum:

Heart of Rome where Vespasian, the Roman ruler in 70 AD, ordered the construction of a glorious amphitheatre unlike all others that would attract visitors and entertain the people of Rome, with guests ranging from the rulers of the empire and their families high up, to the peasants on the floor.

Region

The Colosseum is located in the most prosperous region of the ancient city of Rome with sites that are older than 2,000 years old. This particular region of Rome is known as the Colosseum region, equipped with numerous metro stops labeled "Colosseum North, South, East, and West."

Human-Environment Interaction

There are many tours that are available to tourists and anyone who wishes to explore and gain knowledge of the beautiful foundation. Tour guides are there to provide people with knowledge of the history of the structure and its purposes in the ancient days as well as today. This bold landmark is riddled with tunnels and alleys that archaeologists are still discovering and figuring out to this day. Archaeologists suspect that they don't even know 50% of this building and are set on discovering as much as they possibly can while paying mind to the delicate condition it is in and how difficult those discoveries will be due to that fact. Though there have been many many specialists over the years who study the site, its history, and its purposes, they suspect that we still don't know a lot about it, and unmasking these facts as the years go on will help us to understand the ancient world even better than before.

Movement

There are numerous tunnel systems woven in and out of the Colosseum, and many tours use these to see the Colosseum the ways the Romans did thousands of years ago. With these exclusive tunnels, people are able to stand right where the gladiators, prisoners, animals, and rulers stood before battle. There are even cries for help scratched into the walls of the cells where the prisoners were held before being fed to animals in front of a crowd of 50,000. Ships were also used in certain types of battles when they would fill the arena with water for the purpose of reinacting naval battles. There are steep stairways and ramps found throughout the Colosseum to allow access to the crowds of people who would come to watch the shows.

An Ancient Civilization that is Still Making Impressions Today

Fun Facts

+Originally named the "Flavian Amphitheatre"

+Has about 80 entrances and can accommodate 50,000 spectators

+In 873 AD, the southern side of the Colosseum collapsed due to a devastating earthquake.

+The marble facade and some other parts were used for construction of St. Peter's Basilica and other monuments later on.

+It is estimated that the games played in the Colosseum for hundreds of years have taken the lives of about 500,000 people and over a million wild animals.