Spencer Daines and Brandon Schmitz
The word "autism," which has been in use for about 100 years, comes from the Greek word "autos," meaning "self." The term describes conditions in which a person is removed from social interaction -- hence, an isolated self. In the 1940s, researchers in the United States began to use the term "autism" to describe children with emotional or social problems. From the early 1900s, autism has referred to a range of neuro-psychological conditions. But where did the term come from, and how has knowledge about autism changed?