Child Labor Laws

By: Alissa Ebert

What are Child Labor Laws?

Child labor laws in the United States include numerous statutes and rules regulating the employment of minors.

Georgia Child Labor Laws

The Georgia Department of Labor (GDOL) Child Labor section administers and monitors the guidelines and restrictions for the employment of youth who have not yet reached their 18th birthday and performs the following functions:

· Reviews all issued Employment Certificates, commonly called Work Permits, to ensure job duties do not appear to be in violation of the law and that the form has been properly completed;

· Conducts inspections of possible law violations;

· Issues Certificates of Consent for minors in entertainment;

· Makes child labor presentations to schools, employers, and other interested parties.

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Utah Labor Laws

The Employment of Minors Law (Utah Code Ann. §34-23-101) outlines the requirements for the employment of any individual under the age of 18, including permitted employment, hours of work, break and meal period requirements and age restrictions. The administrative rules associated with the law outline additional requirements for the use of minors in door-to-door sales and fundraising ventures.

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Do other countries have child labor laws? Yes.

The United Kingdom:

The United Kingdom has a large number of laws protecting children and guaranteeing them basic rights – both for areas in which there is now an ‘entitlement’ such as education, as well as in areas in which they need rights to ensure protection, such as in the criminal justice system.

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China has ratified major international documents with regard to children’s rights protection. China’s domestic legislation also provides protection for a wide range of children’s rights. The reality, however, is disputable. Few accurate statistics could be obtained directly from the official source. In practice, enforcement of the treaty obligations and the legislative declarations remains a huge problem.

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