Causes of The American Revolution

Andrew Neaville 1763-1776

Navagation Acts

The Navagation Act put mercantilism into effect. In 1650 the Pariliament began to fight the threat of the Dutch carrying trade. It limited trade to only be done with English but with the exception of colonial ships. The following resources that could only be shipped inside the empire included: sugar, tobacco, and indigo. Some people were arrested for smuggling until proven not guilty. The result of the Navagation Act was that it created tension and resentment towards the mother country in the colonies.
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The Proclamation of 1763

The Proclamation Line was drawn after the French and Indian war. It prohibited the colonists from settling west of the Appalachian Mountains. The colonists were extremely mad that they made the Proclamation. They had been longing to settle land but now the British would not let them. They were also angry with the fact that they were being forced to allow British soldiers to live with them.
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The Stamp Act

The Stamp Act was passed by the British Parliament in 1765 to help pay off debt from the French and Indian War. It taxed anything printed on paper and required the colonists to buy a stamp or seal for these paper products. Samuel Adams was an important and influential figure in creating colonist opposition to the new tax. At first, he created the Committees of Correspondence, which was a group of people that would contact towns and colonies and give them information on how to fight the new tax. They told them they should boycott and protest the Stamp Act. Adams later created the Sons of Liberty, an organized group that protested against the tax collectors. Sadly, many times they resorted to violence, like feathering people in front of mobs. Eventually, the Stamp Act Congress gathered where they talked about Colonial Governments needing to be the only people to pass taxes on the colonists. King George III listened to Benjamin Franklin and repealed the Stamp Act.

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Quartering Act

After repealing the Stamp Act, Britain responded by creating the Quartering Act of 1765. The act required the colonists to house and feed the British soldiers. This angered the colonists for two reasons. First, they didn't like the idea of British soldiers coming to them with writs of assist (blank search warrants) because it caused them to lose their sense of rights over their property. The second thing that really upset them about the act was that the cost of housing and feeding the soldiers. It was very expensive and created an expensive hardship for the colonists.
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Townshend Acts

The Townshend Act taxed imported items such as tea, glass, paper as well as other various items. A group of women formed The Daughters of Liberty and responded to the act by making their own cloth and refusing to buy British imported cloth The protests worked and most of the act was repealed in 1770. Despite work to have it repealed entirely, British still reserved the right to tax tea. They wanted to prove to the colonists they still had the power to tax. As a result, the Sons of Liberty, which was led by Samuel Adams, continued to oppose the taxing by using violence. The group would attack British homes and colonial tax collectors.
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Boston Massacre

On March 5, 1770 extreme events of violence and discrimination happened on the streets of Boston, Massachusetts. It began with one colonist arguing with one British soldier. A crowd began to form to witness the argument and started insulting the soldier and throwing snowballs at him. As a result, more British soldiers were called in which further angered the mob of people. Shots were then fired and it resulted in five colonists being killed. The colonist would label the event the Boston Massacre. Samuel Adams responded by using the massacre as propaganda, which means to use one sided information to persuade the public. Through the Committees of Correspondence, Samuel Adams shared his propaganda with other colonies about the massacre. Johns Adams took the soldiers to court as he believed every man and woman had the right to a trial by jury.
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Tea Act & Boston Tea Party

In 1773 the Tea Act was passed. The act stated that the British East India Company (BEIC) was the only company allowed to sell tea to the colonies. This created a monopoly over tea . Even though the tea was actually a much lower price, the colonists were forced to pay import taxes on it and this outraged them. The Sons of Liberty showed how much they despised the act by throwing over 300 crates of tea into the Boston Harbor.
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The Coercive Act

The Coercive Act , called the Intolerable Acts by colonists, because they were so harsh, was passed in 1774. The Coercive Act was Britain's way of showing colonists how angry they were about the Boston Tea Party. The act included four laws that were enforced; stopped all trade between Boston and Britain, prohibited town meetings, gave Britain control of the colonies and further strengthened the Quartering Act. Since the colonies could no longer trade between themselves their financial situation was impacted. It was this and the other harsh laws written in the act that sparked the revolutionary spirit among the colonies that later led to the American Revolution.
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Ameriacan Revoultion

The American Revolution, also known as the Revolutionary War, was the colonies fight for independence from Britain. George Washington was appointed the Commander of Chief of the Continental Army. The war began in 1775 at the Battle of Lexington and Concord, which was the first win for the colonists. It was an important battle because this first win boosted confidence and further encouraged the colonists to keep fighting for independence. Although fighting officially lasted until 1783, the colonists pretty much won their independence in 1781 at the Battle of Yorktown. With French assistance, the British were forced to surrender this large colony to the Continental Army. After the Battle of Yorktown fighting was minimal and on July 4, 1776 the Declaration of Independence was signed and the United States of America was born.
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