Frankenstein Chapter 13
"I cannot describe to you the agony that these reflections inflicted upon me: I tried to dispel them, but sorrow only increased with knowledge." (Shelley 85)
As the monster is increasing his knowledge of the world, he is slowly understand how little he possesses. He has no family, no fortune, and no social standing. This promotes the theme of isolation and the danger of knowledge.
"...I possessed no money, no friends, no kind of property. I was besides, endued with a figure hideously deformed and loathsome." (Shelley 85)
By gaining knowledge, the monster is seeing that even if he were to be accepted by the family, he can socially never be an active member of society. There is little chance of a successful and happy future for the monster.
"I will soon explain to what these feelings tended; but allow me now to return to the cottagers, whose story excited in me such various feelings of indignation, delight, and wonder, but which all terminated in additional love and reverence for my protectors (for so I loved, in an innocent, half-painful self-deceit, to call them)." (Shelley 86)
The monster is developing a feeling of attachment to the cottagers. He is viewing them as family. "My protectors" is the closest word he has to "family." By developing this attachment, he is further isolating himself because he realizes what he is missing out on.
Son of Mr. De Lacy and the sister of Agatha. In love with Safie and was very depressed before she appeared.
An Arabian woman who does not speak French. She appeared on horseback and moved in with the family. Felix taught her French.
Learns French alongside Safie. While learning French, he also learns of political systems and world history. He acts as the narrator of the chapter.
The sister of Felix and daughter of Mr. De Lacy. Acts as a friend towards Safie.
Mr. De Lacy
Blind old man who is the father of Agatha and Felix.
Acts as the audience of the chapter.
Dangerous Knowledge - The more knowledge the monster acquires about the world, the worse off he becomes. He begins developing an anger towards the functioning of the world because it is not in his favor.
Isolation - The monster isolates himself mentally. After seeing the family together, he realizes what he has been missing out on. The presence of isolation is seen throughout the novel. The monster is isolated from every other being, and he begins to isolate Victor from the ones he loves.
Imagery - This description of Safie portrays her beauty, allowing the reader to get a detailed understanding of what she looks like.
"She sang, and her voice flowed in a rich cadence, swelling or dying away, like a nightingale of the woods." (Shelley 83)
Simile - This shows Safie's talent for singing, adding to the perfection of her image.
"The book from which Felix instructed Safie was Volney's Ruins of Empires." (Shelley 84)
Allusion - This shows where the monster learned the majority of his history from. This work is critical of political and theological reigning ideologies of the world and calls for their abolition.
"For a long time I could not conceive how one man could go forth to murder his fellow, or even why there were laws and governments; but when I heart details of vice and bloodshed, my wonder ceased, and I turned away with disgust and loathing." (Shelley 84)
Irony - It is ironic that the monster has such a disgust for violence given what he accomplishes later on in the story.
Important Plot Developments
Knowledge - Knowledge is a symbol for pain. The more knowledge that the monster acquires, the more in pain and depressed he is.