Czar Nicholas II
Czar Nicholas II was born on May 18, 1868 in Saint Petersburg, Russia. His full name was Nikolai Aleksandrovich Romanov. He was one of five other siblings, but he was the oldest son so he naturally was the heir to the Russian throne. Two of his interests as a child included foreign languages and history. At the age of nineteen, Czar Nicholas II joined the army, and shortly after, officially became Czar at a very unprepared time in his life on May 26, 1896. He also married a German princess named Princess Alexandra. Czar Nicholas II is well-known for provoking Japan into attacking Russia in 1904 and for his actions during Bloody Sunday which caused Russian citizens to lose all trust for him. After further worsening conditions in World War I, Czar Nicholas II was abdicated and later executed with the rest of his family on July 17, 1918 in Yekaterinburg, Russia. In summary, Czar Nicholas II was the main reason for the 1905, February, and October Revolutions.