AFRICAN CRESTED PORCUPINE
- Domain Eukarya: All organisms in this domain are single celled or multicellular. All organisms in this domain have a nucleus.
- Kingdom Animalia: All organisms in this kingdom are single celled and multicellular, all have heterotrophs, and they all can move in some point in their life.
- Phylum Chordata: Members have bilateral symmetry, a brain, and a complete digestive system.
- SubPhylum Vertebrata: This group has a backbone, a bony or cartilaginous endoskeleton, and paired kidneys.
- Class Mammalia: These animals produce milk with their mammary glands, they have hair that is presented in at least one stage of their life, and three inner ear bones.
- Order Rodentia: These animals have dentition for gnawing, part of this dentition is that they have a single pair of upper and lower incisors, and they have a well developed pteygoid.
- Family Hystricidae: Members of the porcupine family have massive and broad heads, forefeet with 5 digits, hindfeet with 5 functional with small claws.
- Genus Hystrix: This genus only includes the crested porcupine.
- Species: Hystrix cristata
- Length: On average, the porcupines body length is 600-930 mm, while its tail, on average, is 80-170 mm.
- Weight: On average, the porcupine weighs between 10-30 kg.
- Color: The young, have black and white striped quills. They also have 5 whites stripes on their side after birth. The adult quills are striped in light and dark brown bands. Also they adults head, neck, shoulders, limbs, and underside of body are covered in dark brown and black bristles.
- Natural Range: These Porcupines are usually found in Italy, Sicily, Mediterranean coast of Africa, Northern Zaire, and Tanzania
- Diet: Porcupines are herbivores, they eat bark, roots, tubers, rhizomes, bulbs, fallen fruits, and cultivated crops. They occasionally consume insects, small vertebrates, and carrion.
- Habitat Description: The Porcupine is highly adaptable to environments. They mainly habitat forests, rocky areas, mountains, croplands, sand hill deserts.
- Predators: The main predators of porcupines are lions, hyenas, leopards, and birds of prey.
A group of porcupines is called a prickle.
A PORCUPINE IN THE NIGHT
The African crested porcupine is nocturnal and it does most of its scavenging for food at night time.
NATURAL RANGE MAP
This map shows the general where African Crested Porcupines can be found.
African Crested Porcupine. (n.d.). Retrieved from The Maryland Zoo website: http://www.marylandzoo.org/animals-conservation/mammals/african-crested-porcupine/
Burton, M. (2002). African Crested Porcupine. In International wildlife encyclopedia (3rd ed., Vol. 5, pp. 595-597). New York, NY: Marshall Cavendish.
Crested Porcupines. (n.d.). Retrieved from Wikipedia website: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crested_porcupine
McPhee, M. 2003. "Hystrix cristata" (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed March 11, 2015 at