Factors Affecting Participation

By Harry Craig

Disability

There are two ways that a disability can affect participation. These are access and The sport its self.

Access can affect the participation because the disabled person may not be able to gain access to the building because of steps. Ways this can be prevented are by installing ramps in the building instead of steps; increasing the size of the doors therefore it is easy for the disabled person to get around the building and by installing disabled showers, toilets and changing rooms.

The sport its self can affect the participation because it might not be suitable for the person with that disability. Therefore most sports are adapted for the disabled person like putting a bell in the ball in blind football. Also to make disabled sport there are categories that the disabled people are put into. These categories are: Amputee, Cerebral paulsy, intellectual disability, Les autres (the others), visually impaired and wheelchair.

Gender

Gender affects participation in sport as males are better suited to some sports and females are suited better to some sports. Males are better at the sports where strength is an important factor where as females are better suited to sports where flexibility is an important factor.
Factors affecting Participation in GCSE PE - Gender

Age

Age is a big factor that affects participation in sport therefore most sports are divided by age category. Age can improve your performance and it can also worsen your performance. As you get older your performance improves when you're about 25ish your performance peaks and when your at about 30 your performance starts to decline.

Body Types

Body Types (samatotypes) affect performance because having the right body type for your sport is crucial. There are three samatotypes they are Endomorph (pear shaped); Mesomorph ( Muscle triangular) and Ectomorph (tall and thin). This affects performance as an endomorph is not going to be good at high jump and an ectomorph wont be good at sumo wrestling!

Risk and Challenge

Risk and challenge affects because some people like doing sport for the rush that they get from the risk and the challenge. They get this from a sport like rock climbing if they then go to do a sport like football they do not get the same rush that they desire and therefore dislike participating in the sport.
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Enviroment

There are multiple factors in the enviroment that affect participation positivly and negitivly.Weather-this is a factor that you may have no control over, but a professional performer might be able to afford to go to a country where the weather is suitable- cold and snowy for a skier or warm and dry for a tennis player. Weather affects both trainigh and competing seperatly.Training-If you are a marathon runner you would need to carry out a distance runs as part of your training, which you might not be able to do if there is snow or ice, similary, a tennis player might only have acces to outdoor courts and would not play in rain, snow or icy wather.Competing-Many activities stop if the weather is poor. This includes being too hot, cold, wet, dry, foggy, windy or during thunder storms.Pollution-Air pollution can affect both training and competing because it is a serious health risk for anyone taking exercise in such conditions. If pollution levels are high then performing outside will not be possible, so training would be restricted to indoors and where there is air conditioning or some form of climate controll.Altitude-This is the height of an area above sea level. training and performing at high altitude can be a real benefit and living and training at high altitude all the time can be a real advantage for someone if they take part in endurence events.Humidity-This relates to the amount of water vapour that is in the air. Humidity combined with heat makes conditions very difficult for performers to keep their bodies cool enough and to avoid dehydration. Terain-The landscape you require may be crucial to your sport becuase, for example, you would need slopes and snow as a skier and sea and surf as a surfer. Climbers need challenges to climb and cyclists might need flat ground for speed trails and hills for mountain biking.