(The Ayers Rock)
Information About Uluru
Uluru is the Aboriginal name for one of the natural sensations of the world, a large rock located close to the exact centre of Australia. Uluru is on a dry desert in the Northern Territory. It is 2.4km (1.5 miles) long and 1.6km (1 mile) wide and rises up about 348 metres above the surrounding land. It covers 3.33 square km (1.29 square miles) of land. It extends deep below the ground surface, exactly how far is not known. About 500 million years ago it was part of the ocean floor. There is very little vegetation on the rock.
Uluru was named Ayers Rock in 1873 by European explorers, after the Premier of South Australia, Sir Henry Ayers. The rock resumed its original name in 1985 when the land was returned to its traditional owners, the Anangu, who now own and operate the Kata Tjuta National Park, of which Uluru is part. Still called Ayers Rock but its official name is Uluru.