Genetically Modified Organisms

By: Peyton, Walker, Justin, Kobe and Anusha

GMO Coppell Survey Results

  • 86% of people know what GMO stands for.
  • 92% think they eat GMOs.
  • 80% would pay more for non GMO food.
  • 86% of people want GMOs labeled.
  • 62% of people think it's safe to eat GMOs.
  • 58% think it is safe for the environment.
  • 92% think fast food restaurants use it.
  • 56% think that the government is doing enough about GMOs.
  • 42% of people think that GMOs should be banned.
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Genetics

History of GMO's


  • 1935- Andrei Nikolaevtich discovered how to isolate DNA
  • 1975- A group of biologists, lawyers, and doctors created guidelines for the use of GMOs.
  • 1980- First GMO patent was issued when GE created a bacteria that had an appetite for oil to clean up oil spills.
  • 1982- The first GMO is approved by the FDA.
  • 1992- FDA said GMO foods weren't unhealthy and didn't require labels
  • 1994- First GMO tomato is on the shelves at grocery stores.

Government Decisions


  • Regulation of GM crops in the United States is divided among three regulatory agencies: the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA).
  • EPA regulates biopesticides.
  • FDA is responsible for regulating the safety of GM crops that are eaten by humans or animals.
  • The EPA regulates pesticides and microorganisms developed through genetic engineering.
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Safety Regulations/Labeling

  • 1997- The European Union made labels on GMOs mandatory
  • American Medical Association re-affirmed that there is no scientific justification for special labeling of foods that contain GM ingredients
  • GMOs are the most regulated and tested product in agricultural history
  • Several states have passed regulations concerning labelling of GM food

Harmful Factors of GMOs

  • There have been many changes with GMO's
  • Old techniques included using Chloropyrifos, which is an organophosphate insecticide.
  • The pesticides are often misused, especially in developing countries
  • Another dangerous pesticide is Methyl Bromide which is used in strawberry production
  • Many pesticides cause harm to humans in the long
  • In 2009, farmers dumped 57 million pounds glyphosate on food crops which harmed many factors contributing to growing crops
  • Controversy towards 2,4-D (a carcinogen capable of causing tissue cancer
  • The amount of pesticides used for crops add millions of toxic pesticides into the environment.
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Sources

Restrictions on Genetically Modified Organisms: United States." Restrictions on Genetically Modified Organisms: United States. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Jan. 2016. <http://www.loc.gov/law/help/restrictions-on-gmos/usa.php>.


"The Regulation of GMOs in Europe and the United States: A Case-Study of Contemporary European Regulatory Politics." Council on Foreign Relations. Council on Foreign Relations, n.d. Web. 27 Jan. 2016. <http://www.cfr.org/agricultural-policy/regulation-gmos-europe-united-states-case-study-contemporary-european-regulatory-politics/p8688>.


"GMO's." GMO Facts. GMO AAwareness, n.d. Web. 27 Jan. 2016. <http://gmoawareness.org/gmo-facts/>.


"GMO Timeline: A History of Genetically Modified Foods - GMO Inside." GMO Inside. N.p., 10 Mar. 2013. Web. 27 Jan. 2016. <http://gmoinside.org/gmo-timeline-a-history-genetically-modified-foods/>.


"GMO's." Genetically Modified Organisms. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Jan. 2016. <http://www.nongmoproject.org/learn-more/>.


"GMO Facts." GMOS. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Jan. 2016. <https://factsaboutgmos.org>.