HIV/AIDS

In Sub-Saharan Africa

The Discovery of HIV/AIDS

In June 1981, scientists in the United States reported the first clinical evidence of a disease that would later become known as acquired immunodeficiency syndrome or AIDS. It's cause, HIV, was identified in 1983.Thirty years later the AIDS epidemic has spread to every corner of the world and more than 60 million people have been infected with HIV.

Sub-Saharan Africa AIDS/HIV Statistics

  • New infections among children under 15 years old dropped 35% globally between 2009 and 2012.
  • 62% of pregnant women living with HIV in the highest HIV burden countries received services to prevent mother-to-child transmission in 2012.
  • Children under 15 years old are only half as likely as adults to receive the lifesaving treatment they need.
  • 850,000 new HIV infections among children (0-14 years) in low-and middle-income countries were prevented between 2005 and 2012.
  • 300,000 new HIV infections occurred among adolescents in 2012; 2.1 million adolescents (10-19 years) were living with HIV.
  • AIDS-related deaths among adolescents increased by 50% between 2005 and 2012.
  • 260,000 new HIV infections occurred among children in low and middle-income countries in 2012.
  • 300,000 new HIV infections occurred among adolescents in 2012; 2.1 million adolescents (10-19 years) were living with HIV.

How Do You Get HIV/AIDS?

HIV/AIDS is found in the bodily fluids of a person who has been infected - blood, semen, vaginal fluids and breast milk. It can be transmitted through unprotected sexual contact. It is also spread among people who inject drugs with non-sterile injecting needles, as well as through unscreened blood products. It can spread from mother to child during pregnancy, childbirth or breast feeding when the mother is HIV positive.
World AIDS Day Video - Get To Zero