Political Parties through FDR


  • 1786-1814 (the Hartford Convention)
  • Washington, Hamilton, Madison, King
  1. national bank
  2. lose interpretation of constitution
  3. wealthy north-eastern supporters

Democratic Republicans

  • 1790-1824 (when supporter of Jackson= democrats and adams supporters= national republicans)
  • Madison, Jefferson, Jackson, Quincy Adams
  1. anti-central government
  2. pro states' rights

National Republicans

  • 1824-1832
  • John Quincy Adams, Henry Clay
  1. strong central government
  2. pro internal improvements
  3. promote commerce


  • 1824-?
  • Jackson, Van Buren, Buchanan, Cleveland, Jennings Bryan, Wilson, FDR

Platform 1824-1854
  1. small government
  2. pro states' rights
  3. anti national bank

Platform 1854-1896
  1. main party in south (after civil war)
  2. supported by farmers, Catholics, immigrants, workers
  3. opposed to Prohibition

Platform 1896-1932
  1. main party in south
  2. supported by immigrant groups in cities who were pro-labor
  3. because of southern influence, pro-economically conservative policies


  • 1832
  • William Wirt, Henry Harrison
  1. Jackson opposers in the North East formed this party
  2. feared freemasons in government
  • held the first presidential convention in the US
  • only nominated one candidate over the lifetime of the party


  • 1832-1854(when morphed into Republicans with Free Soil and some into Know-Nothing (American) over the issue of slavery)
  • Henry Harrison, Webster, Clay, Taylor, Scott
  1. strong congress and weak president
  2. supported a tariff on manufactured goods
  3. supported banks and internal improvements
  • many whigs were conservative Protestants and wealthy white men


  • 1840-1848(it morphed into the free soil party)
  • James Blemey
  1. advocated the abolition of slavery
  2. set a precedent for anti-slavery efforts

Free Soil

  • 1848-1854(when morphed into Republicans with Whigs)
  • Van Buren
  1. opposed expansion of slavery into western territories
  • ran with the slogan "Free Soil, Free Speech, Free Labor and Free Man"

Know-Nothing (AKA American)

  • 1844-1856 (renamed American Party in 1850)
  • Fillmore
  1. opposed to immigration of Catholics
  • Nominated Fillmore for president with some Whig support
  • Broke into Constitutional Union with Free-Soilers and others joined Republican Party after Fillmore's failed attempt at presidency

Constitutional Union

  • 1860
  • John Bell
  1. keep the union as it was
  • made up of remaining Whigs and Know-Nothings


  • 1854-?
  • Fremont, Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant, Rutherford B. Hayes, McKinley, Roosevelt, Taft

Platform 1854-1896

  1. very similar to Whig platform
  2. pro-industry, urban growth, education, homesteads created from western lands
  3. nationalism!
  4. supported Prohibition

Platform 1896-1932

  1. pro-buisiness conservatives after WW1
  2. nationalism!
  3. pro- Prohibition
  4. supported by women after passing of 19th amendment

  • dominant party in 1920s after Wilson's unagreeable international policies


  • 1875-1884
  • James Weaver
  1. supported paper money
  2. advocated an income tax
  3. pro- eight hour workday
  4. pro- women's suffrage


  • 1890-1900
  • James Weaver
  1. opposed to gold standard
  2. stronger government
  3. joined democratic party in 1900 when W. Jennings Bryan and democrats supported their causes


  • 1884-1920
  1. the banning of alcoholic drinks
  2. ties to the anti-saloon league
  3. advocates for 18th amendment


  • 1901-1932
  • Eugene V. Debs, Daniel De Leon
  1. supporters included:progressive social reformers, populist farmers, and immigrants
  2. localized government


  • 1908- 1912 and 1924
  • Theodore Roosevelt, Robert M. La Follette
  1. some republicans wee unhappy with Taft and his business alignment so Progressive party was formed
  2. It was revived in 1924 because La Follette broke from republicans
  3. Roosevelt ran in 1912 and Robert La Follette in 1924
  • in 1924, La Follette was supported by the socialist party as a progressive candidate