American Colony: Georgia

By: Julia Lopez

Georgia was a Southern colony, founded by James Edward Oglethrope in 1732. It was founded as a relief for the poor Englishmen, and served as a debtors prison. Georgia also acted as a buffer between the Carolinas and the Spanish Florida.


Colonial Conflicts

Georgia's trustees wanted to avoid the situation in South Carolina of large plantations and the large gap between the poor and upper class. Slavery and liquor were banned from the colony. Settlers were prevented from land ownership. Puritans, Lutherans, and Quakers were allowed, but Catholics were banned to prevent religious conflict.


Colony Population


1752 - 3,500 (500 African Americans)


1773 - 33,000 (1/2 African Americans)

1790 - 82,548

1800 - 162,686


Number of Slaves

1790 - 29,264


The typical person in colonial Georgia was of the working class, and usually had small farms to support their local community.


Colonial Georgia's Economy consisted of trade with native Indians and later depended on plantations and slavery.

Government

Revolution & Constitution

Pre-Revolution

There was not representative assembly because the trustees did not trust the colonists. All laws created by trustees. Georgia eventually became a royal colony in 1752.



Post-Revolution

Declared Independence in 1776


Role in Revolution

Banned trade with Great Britain

British forces sieged Savannah, Georgia

Fall of Charleston

Battles of Augusta


Role in Constitution

Delegates of second Constitutional Convention meet in Georgia

4th state to ratify the U.S. Constitution

Interesting Fact

The colonist wanted to make silk Georgia's chief product because the colony's plentiful mulberry trees were a food staple for the silkworm. The plan failed and rice, indigo, lumber, and fur became Georgia's primary exports.


Presidents from Georgia

Jimmy Carter