Mesopotamia

How it helps today

Geographer

1. Mesopotamia is located in the Fertile Crescent. It is in between two rivers called the Tigris and the Euphrates. Mesopotamia is a good name for it because it means between two rivers.

2.

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3.

The climate of Mesopotamia is mainly hot and dry. It is lucky to have the two near by rivers. They have a lot of droughts during the summer.

4.

The current country Mesopotamia is in today is Iraq and to be more specific it is in Baghdad.
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5. Mesopotamia is 6372.69 miles from here in Elm City Middle school. It is pretty far from here.

Historian

1.

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2.

The requirements of civilization is

1. Urban revolution

2. New Political and Military structures

3. Social structure based on economic power

4. The development of complex technology

5. Development of writing

6. Distinct religious structure

7. New forms of artistic and cultural activity

3.

Hummarabi was important because he created laws. He used the writing system cuneiform. In court it didn't matter if you were rich or poor you broke the law.


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4.

1. If you accuse an elder for something and you didn't prove it you will be put to death.

2. If anyone steals the property of a temple or a court you will be put to death.

3. If he hold a slave in the house and is seen then you will be put to death.

4. If anyone breaks into a house then you will be out to death.

5. If fire breaks out in a house, and some one who comes to put it out cast his eye upon the property of the owner of the house, and take the property of the master of the house, he shall be thrown into that self-same fire.


5.

One day king Gilgamesh and his friend wanted to get wood from the cedar trees. They knew it was going to be an adventure and they loved adventures. Everybody in the city knew that there was a demon. They were both strong and they thought it be more of an adventure to do so. They set out with supplies to last for a week and weapons to kill the demon. When they got there they prayed to the sun god. They climbed the mountain and found the tallest tree. As soon as the ax touched the tree the demon came. The demon told them to leave immediately, but Gilgamesh and his friend didn't care. They summoned the 13 winds to destroy the demon. They killed the demon and got all the timber they could get. The city celebrated their return.

Agriculturist

1.

The farming had some difficulties to it. They got no rain and had limited water. They had to use the rivers' water wisely. They had to make ways to make the water last and control it. So they created canals and irrigation. This prevented floods and droughts. They had good soil because of the silt. They had rich and fertile soil.

2.

The irrigation system had problems because it created toxic for the crops. It brought salt from under the ground to the soil. This then made the crops to fail.
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3.

What Mesopotamia ate.


Normally people ate two meals a day. Except for the rich, most people ate unleavened bread, and drank large amounts of beer (up to one gallon a day). Cow's milk was also drunk, but it quickly turned sour in the hot climate. Meat was expensive, so most people ate cooked vegetable stews. Fish was an important source of protein. Fruits included apples, pears, grapes, figs, quinces, plums, apricots, mulberries, melons, and pomegranates. Pistachio nuts were also enjoyed. Cakes for special occasions were also made with butter, cheese, dates, flour, and raisins.

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4.

Civilizations like living near by bodies of water because it helps them with their everyday life. If you live near a body of water you can get water to drink and water for growing crops. It allows you to grow food easier and will help you so you don't a bunch of farmers. That will allow you to create new things.

5.

I would first have to flood my fields with water. Then I would have to get oxen and attach a plough to them to plough my fields. Then I will harrow my fields to make them smooth.

After that I will sow my fields which is adding seeds. Then I will water my fields. Finally I harvest the crops!

Archeologist

1.

The hanging garden was one of the 7 ancient wonders of the world. The hanging garden was trees and plants hanging off the terraces of palaces. It was a beautiful sight. They had to make a way to get water to the plants, so they created a pump that brought up the water.

2.

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The wheel

The wheel is important because it helps create objects. It can create a pottery machine and wheeled vehicles. People today use the wheel everyday.

3.

Cuneiform was the first written language. It started off as pictographs then it changed into lines. It was written on clay tablets. The civilization that created this was Mesopotamians.

4.

The classes of people in the ancient civilization was (from higher to lower) the king, then the priests, after them were the high class, then the lower classes, finally there is the slaves.

5.

A Ziggurat was a pyramid temple that was for worshipping their gods.
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