Best Country to Live in?
Will Canada be the best country to live in 2035?
Canada: the best place to live?
Canadian immigrants and First nations
In this section, we will talk about if Canada is a desired location for immigrants, what will happen in the future and what is going on with our first nations.
Personally, I don’t think that Canada will be a desired destination for immigrants in the future. The main reason that people want to move to Canada is because of push factors happening in their homes. Canada doesn’t particularly have any pull factors, other than being an extremely diverse country. Most immigrants believe that Canada is a sacred and heavenly place for someone as lucky as us to live in.
As of now, Canada has already attracted countries that are now stage 3-4. They have attracted immigrants from Europe in the 19th century, immigrants from Asia in the 20th – 21st century, and in the future, we will attract immigrants from Africa because those countries are not yet developed, as we have seen before. Usually, people from Countries that aren’t yet in stage 3 or 4, immigrate to Canada because they think that it is a better place to live.
Canada’s population will look even more diverse than it is now. There will be even more immigrants from third-world countries because they believe that it is a better place to live than their home. However, Canada will be in a stage 4-5 in the transition model, which means that most of the population will be in the middle and the top, because health care is getting better so fewer people will die. This also means that the bottom of the model, where the children are, there will be a lot less than there were before, due to financial issues with having a baby. Mothers who are expecting only earn 40% of their salary.
Some challenges that first nations will face in the future include finding jobs, getting through school and problems with the Indian act. Most first nations won't be able to find any good-paying job simply because of their ethnicity. They would be discriminated against because they are first nations. The problems with the Indian Act are that members and representatives of the Conservatives want to give first nations more "freedom" with the Indian act. However, for those changes to happen, the Assembly of first nations wants more revenue from national resources, fewer restrictions regarding land and affirmative action programs which are special privileges or rules that first nations get and have to follow.
Overall, I don’t think that Canada is a desired place for immigrants because there aren’t any pull factors for Canada, and it has already attracted immigrants from the other countries in the world. As these countries develop, there won’t be any reason to move to Canada, making these potential immigrants stay at home. Due to all these facts, I don’t think that Canada will be the greatest country to live in 2035.
Canadian climate, land-form regions and vegetation zones
In this section, we will be talking about what climate Canada has and why. We will also talk about how climate change will affect Canada as a whole and the landform and vegetation regions as well.
Canada has the climate that it does because of the acronym LOWERN. The Latitude of Canada affects the temperature because it is where the country is on the planet. Canada is relatively high and therefore, has a cold climate, much like the UK. Canada also borders two main Oceans, the Atlantic and the Pacific, which carries ocean currents both warm and cold. These ocean currents make the provinces on the coast warmer because the ocean currents usually come from the south, such as Mexico and the El Nino ocean currents. Canada also has wind and air masses that causes the cold dry air that we live in. This climate is unsuitable for anything to grow and also unfavourable for us because it causes our skin to become rough. The wind and air masses have certain warm and cold fronts of bodies of air that sometime collide and cause fog, storms and many others. Elevation only affects the Rockies and some of the territories because only a little bit of Canada is elevated via mountains and glaciers, which also causes the cold temperature that we get. Like Elevation, Relief works almost the same because relief requires an on-shore breeze and mountains, which causes relief precipitation when the moist air goes up the mountains and then down. Finally, Nearness to water affects the coasts of Canada because of the moderating effect. The Moderating effect warms up and cools down the coasts, keeping it in a smaller temperature range all year.
Canada has many landform regions and vegetation zones as well. Canada’s landform regions include the Appalachians, the Canadian Shield, the Interior plains, the Great Lakes St. Lawrence lowlands, the Hudson Bay lowlands, Arctic lowlands, Innuitian mountainsand western cordillera.
The Appalachians are located near the Newfoundland and Labrador region, which includes PEI and Nova Scotia. This land was formed when the North American plate collided with Europe and Africa about 300 million years ago. When the plate collided, it created mountains which eroded over time to make the rolling hills in the Appalachians.
The Canadian Shield covers Nunavut, Quebec, Labrador, Ontario, Manitoba and a large part of Saskatchewan. The Canadian Shield is somewhat flat with rolling hills and a plethora of minerals. The Canadian Shield has mostly metamorphic rock with some of the oldest near the surface. In the last ice-age, numerous small lakes were formed due to glaciation. The soil profile of the Canadian Shield has the topsoil being very thin and unsuitable for crops. The rocks however, contain many minerals such as gold, lead, copper, silver, etc.
The interior plains cover most of Alberta, Saskatchewan, and some of Manitoba and Northwest Territories. The Interior plains have rolling hills with some parts of deep, fertile soil. There are three main regions in the Interior plains. There is the short grass- prairies, the prairies and the long-grass prairies. The short-grass prairies and the prairies have soil that is unsuitable for anything other than grains, which is why Alberta is the #1 supplier of grain for Canada. The long-grass prairie however has very deep, fertile soil that is good for growing anything from carrots to zucchini. The soil was created when sediments were dropped off from glaciation, which also created the rolling landscape.
The Great Lakes-St. Lawrence Lowlands is south of the Canadian Shield in Ontario and Quebec, and is also the smallest landform region in Canada. Due to glaciation, the landscape is mostly flat with small hills and deep valleys. There is also a lot of soil and gravel that was deposited from Glaciers. 50% of Canada’s population lives here, ad 70% of industries are located in here as well. The Great Lakes-St. Lawrence lowlands Is also very good for farming due to the good soil and warm climate.
Hudson Bay Lowlands is in Ontario and Quebec, around the south-western shore of Hudson Bay and the James Bay. The Hudson Bay lowland is a flat, low area covered in swamp, bog, small lakes and ponds. The area here is not suitable for crops to grow because it is too wet. There is a layer of sedimentary rocks overtop the older and harder rocks such as igneous and metamorphic. Many animals such as polar bears and caribou migrate here in the summer.
The Arctic lowland is located in the far northern part of Canada, literally near the Arctic. It has a barren landscape, unsuitable for crops because it is too cold. The summers are brief and light all day, while the winters are longer and it is dark for 22 hours of the day. The ground is mostly covered with permafrost, so nothing can grow, yet people still seem to thrive in these conditions.
The Innuitian Mountains is a mountain range in parts of Nunavut and Northwest Territories. There are also ice towers that are recorded to be over 2km in height. The area is named after the people, who live in the harsh climate. The area is also above the tree line, making any vegetation virtually impossible.
Western Cordillera is along the western edge of Canada, as the name says it. It covers most of Yukon and British Columbia. There are high mountains separated by valleys and plateaus. The Mountains were created by the collision of the North American plate and the Pacific Plates. Despite the awkward elevations, there is a lot of vegetation from tall trees to small shrubs. The Western Cordillera is rich in minerals, timber and sources of Hydroelectricity.
Tundra: The second largest vegetation zone in Canada, next to the Boreal and Taiga forest. Due to the land being above the tree line, there is almost no vegetation in this region, except for the small shrubs from time to time, taking all the heat from the ground so it can grow. Most of the ground is covered in Permafrost, so there is almost no vegetation all year. In the southern parts of the tundra, there are small shrubs, lichens and mosses.
The Boreal and Taiga: This vegetation region is the largest in Canada and extends from the eastern parts of Alaska to Newfoundland and Labrador. This vegetation region mainly consists of plants that can survive cool short summers and long, cold winters, such as the coniferous trees. Aside from the tall trees that define the Boreal and Taiga, there are also small herbs and shrubs that are all over the hiking trails that people take so often for the amazing view.
Mixed forest: The Mixed forest is the transition between the deciduous forest and the Boreal Taiga. Has warmer climate and soils good for growing crops.
Deciduous forest: This vegetation region is located in the Southwestern part of Ontario. There are hot summers, mild winters and good precipitation which make the soil very good for crops.
Grasslands: Prairies of the Interior plains, which very dry climate. This climate is unsuitable for crops, but the soil is deep and fertile.
Cordilleran Vegetation: this region is in the west coast of Canada, which has interferences with the tree line, causing the vegetation to shrink as the elevation goes up. There are also small herbs and shrubs that grow in meadows of this region.
West Coast forest: In this region, there are large trees that thrive in this region. There is heavy rainfall in this region and a hot climate, which creates very good growing conditions. The heavy rain leaches the soil to the bedrock.
The warmer climate in Canada will affect the country physically because there will be more rainfall and warmer climate. The rainfall will leach the soil to the bedrock, which will cause the plants to have to reach down in the soil farther to get to the water. The warmer climate usually creates better growing conditions so the warmer climate is good news for the vegetation region, however, the ice in the North will melt faster and there will be more fish, which makes it harder to do sustainable yield management. There will be more fish and it will be harder to judge how many fish there really are, making us leave fewer fish to replenish itself.
In all, I don’t think that Canada will be the best country to live in 2035, because of the cold climate we have, the amount of space we can actually live in and how we can sustain that.
Canada's resources and connections to the world
In this section, we will talk about Canada’s most important resources and how we can sustain them for the long-term development of Canada. This is called sustainable development, which is meeting the needs of today without compromising the needs of the future.
Canada’s most important resources will be fresh water, energy and lumber. Fresh water is on the list because Canada holds the most, fresh water on the planet because of the lakes that we have. Energy is also important because nowadays, it is costly and hard to create energy in a non-linear fashion, such as dams and hydro-electric power systems. Lumber is also one of the important resources because lumber is a basis of pulp, paper and many other wood-based products.
To manage water, Canada needs to make sure that our pollution doesn’t affect the rivers and lakes, because that would be damaging our closest and biggest source of fresh water, making us rely on aquifers. For energy, Canada needs to make sure that we are using renewable energy sources, such as water. For hydro-electricity dams to work to full capacity, we will need to redirect rivers to these dams to create enough energy to power the country. This means that we also need to look into other forms of energy, such as solar, and wind farms. A variety of energy will give us more than enough energy, if we could use it sparsely.
Canada is connected to the world through globalization and multi-national corporations. Globalization is the integration and connection of countries, cultures and governments around the world through technology. Canada is a very diverse country and takes in many immigrants from other countries, making it connected to the other countries that the immigrants come from. Canada is also connected through Multi-national corporations in China because Canada moves most of its secondary factories overseas in China because the labour is cheaper over there. China is an example of how China is connected to Canada through Multi-national corporations. Canada is also connected to the rest of the world through trade, such as NAFTA. NAFTA is an agreement between Canada, US, and Mexico, which promotes free trade and eliminates tariffs. This is another example of how Canada is connected to the rest of the world through trade.
In general, I don’t think that Canada will be the best country to live in 2035, because we are take the world’s most wanted resource for granted every time we leave the tap running or take a 30 minute shower.
Canadian cities and urban sprawl
Finally, in this section, we will be talking about the issues that Canadian cities are facing and how we can limit that. We will also talk about how Canadian cities can be sustainable and the effects of urban sprawl.
Some issues that Canadian cities are facing include urban sprawl, which is the uncontrolled expansion of urban areas. Cities like Toronto is a perfect example of urban sprawl, the population in Toronto is growing uncontrollably and too fast for the city to keep up. The issues of Urban sprawl include transportation, farm land use, health costs and infrastructure needs. The problems of transportation are commute times, pollution and traffic congestion. With urban sprawl, the amount of commute time increases greatly. The average commute time for a person in Toronto is 26 minutes by car and 44 by bus. Obviously this is less than ideal especially when gas costs so much now. When so many people are commuting, this also causes a lot of pollution and traffic congestion. The pollution just contributes to enhancing the greenhouse effect and the traffic congestion will only cause commute times to become longer.
Urban sprawl also affects farm because this places more stress on a smaller percent of land each year and it’s hard to return the land to farming after it was developed. Since urban sprawl has been affecting Canadian cities, the number of farms is going down and now we ask the question: Where will the food come from?
Health costs and impacts are also another concern of Urban sprawl. Urban sprawl is linked to many cases of obesity, heart disease, air pollution, respiratory illnesses, high stress and depression. The obesity is caused by more people having to drive and commute to work, which makes them want to exercise less and they don’t have the time to exercise either. It is too far to walk to work; therefore, people have to drive. The air pollution is also a factor because of the amount of air polluted-related deaths in 2005-2010.
There are also emotional factors that fall into place with the concerns of Urban sprawl. The long commute causes insanity and depression because the person with a one hour commute has to earn 40% more than someone who walks to the office.
Lastly, the infrastructure needs include public transit in low density areas, providing and maintaining food, energy and water and a longer response time for emergency vehicles. In low density areas, there are fewer bus stops; therefore it is harder to provide public transit for the people who live in these areas. The food, energy and water are hard to maintain because in low density populations, the power grid has to reach farther to power a small portion of the main city. Due to the fact that these areas are farther from the city, it will take longer for emergency response vehicles to respond.
One way that Ontario can limit Urban sprawl is by starting a campaign. Interacting with the municipal council and letting the people vote for the smart decision will help with curbing urban sprawl. Challenging local projects will also help with curbing Urban sprawl in your community. Also look into talking with the municipal council about building compact communities and make sure that the developments stay in line with the boundaries. Basically, someone will have to start a campaignand make it fun to be in to limit urban sprawl. Another way to limit urban sprawl is by reducing residential housing and make everything more compact, staying within the municipal boundaries.
Some initiatives that Canadian cities take in becoming sustainable include an example in Edmonton, when the community decided to take recycling to the max. They use recycled products for their homes, making it very cheap and good for the environment. Also, the community works hard in the recycling factors, calling the waste “a resource”. This system creates jobs, reduces emissions in the atmosphere and you can recover useful things such as soil and energy. In the future, some Canadian cities will try to be sustainable by perhaps starting a new system that uses old things or waste that people throw away.
Overall, I still don't think that Canada will be the best place to live in 2035 because of how much urban sprawl has already affected the country as a whole.