DWARFISM

BY: ANNA VAN NEWKIRK

WHAT IS DWARFISM?

DWARFISM OCCURS WHEN A PERSON IS EXTREMELY SHORT RESULTING FROM A MEDICAL CONDITION CAUSED BY ABNORMAL GROWTH.

More Information on Dwarfism

How does a baby deveop Dwarfism?

Dwarfism can be caused by more than 300 conditions, most of them are genetic. The most common type is called achondroplasia. Achondroplasia is is a disorder of bone growth. It most often occurs when parents are both average height.

Symptoms

Slow growth before age 5

Periods of little or no change in height
Height below the fifth percentile on standard pediatric growth charts
Delayed or no sexual development during adolescence
Adult height usually less than 5 feet

Treatments

Common Surgical Treatments:

Inserting metal staples into the ends of long bones where growth occurs (growth plates)

Dividing a limb bone, straightening it and inserting metal plates to hold it in place

Inserting rods or staples to help correct the shape of the spine

Increasing the size of the opening in bones of the spine (vertebrae)