Civil War Project

By: Calin London

Ironclad

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Back-round Information

An ironclad was a steam-propelled warship in the early part of the second half of the 19th century, protected by iron or steel armor plates. The ironclad was developed as a result of the vulnerability of wooden warships to explosive or incendiary shells.

Dates

Ironclads were invented / made in 1862. They were used for 18 years.

Statistics

-Ironclads had 2 guns and cannons

-Ironclads are made of 100% real iron

-First battle that included Ironclads was the Battle of Hampton Roads

Fun Facts

- When bullets hit the ironclad it doesn't effect it

- Once the Ironclad was invented all wooden ships were obsolete

- The ironclad had a iron ram in the front of it to ram ships

Civil War Battlefield Medicine

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Back-round Information

Doctors / Nurses during the Civil War where more like butchers. They only went to doctor school for two years! (some didn't even go to school) When bullets were stuck in a patients / soldiers body the Doctor / Nurse would cut it out or rip it out. Sometimes they kept it in there because if they put it out the patient / soldier might die. The sanitation was horrible for the hospital tents flies, bugs, insects, were everywhere even on the patient / soldiers wound. As you can see it was horrible.

Dates

In the 1860's (In Civil War)

Statistics

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Fun Facts

- They used knifes, bone brush, Tourniquet, Probes, Scissors, Bone Saws, Straight Forceps, Surgical and Scalpels.

- A mixture of alcohol and gunpowder was often prescribed for snakebite victims during the war.

- At the Battle of Fredericksburg, the Union had only 40 surgeons to tend to 7,000 wounded men. It took 24 hours for a wounded soldier who had been brought to a hospital to receive his first examination by a surgeon.

-After the Doctor sawed off the patients body part(s) the Doctor put alcohol on it and it BURNED!

- When the Doctor / Nurse was sawing off or cutting off the patient / soldier's body part(s) off they gave them beer / alcohol to try to calm / sooth them while there body part(s) were being chopped off.

The Battle of Gettysburg

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Back-round Information

- The battle involved the largest number of casualties of the entire war and is often described as the war's turning point. Union Major General George Meade's Army of the Potomac defeated attacks by Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia, ending Lee's attempt to invade the North

Dates

The Battle of Gettysburg was fought July 1–3, 1863, in and around the town of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania

Statistics

- Lee launches 12,000 men at Gettysburg

- There were 51,000 casualties at the War of Gettysburg

- The Battle of Gettysburg was costly on a scale that is hard to imagine today. Almost as many soldiers died in combat at the Battle of Gettysburg than during the entire Vietnam Conflict. Almost as many Soldiers were killed, wounded or declared missing from the Battle of Gettysburg than during the entire Vietnam Conflict. A soldier in the civil war had about a 1 in 4 chance surviving.

Fun Facts

- The Battle of Gettysburg lasted 3 days!

- The Battle of Gettysburg saw the opposing armies using a variety of weapons. Bayonets, swords and revolvers were used, but the primary infantry weapon was the single-shot, muzzle-loading, rifled musket, measuring 4.7 feet long and weighing a little more than 9 pounds.

- General Robert E. Lee brought his whole army to fight in the Battle of Gettysburg