Chapter 18

Psychological Disorders

Psychological Disorders

Pschlogial disorders are behavioral patterns that are deemed irregular by psychologists. These may interefere with a person's ability to cope with every day life.

Symptoms of Psychological Disorders

Symptoms may include: Typicality, Maladaptivity, Emotional DIscomfort, and Socially Unacceptable Behaviors.

Anxiety Disorders

Anxiety disorders include:

Phobias- Fears of certain objects or events

Panic Disorders- Reoccurring panic attacks

Generalized Panic Disorder- Unrealistic persistent worry

OCD- Obseesive-Cumpulsive Disorder, unwanted impulses to do things ( excessive clean )

Stress Disorders- Intense persistent anxiety

Explaining Anxiety Disorders

Each psychologist has a different way to define and describe Anxiety Disorders such as:

Pschoanalytic Theories, Learning Theories, Cognitive Theories, and Biological Factors are all used to explain why anxiety disorders occur.

Stress Disorders

Stress Disorders such as PTSD, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, refer to the persistent feeling anxiety caused by the occurance of traumatic experiences. i.e. Rape, war, severe accidents, assaults, and natural disasters.

Dissociative Disorders

Dissociative DIsorders are characterized by the seperation of certain personality components or mental processes.

Somatoform Disorders

People with somatoform disorders have psychological problems but experience inexplicable physical symptoms.

Mood Disorders

When people express their moods in ways that are not typically considered "normal" mood changes. Mood disorders include major depression and bipolar disorder.


Considered most severe of all psychological disorders. Can cause inability to function independently. Three types: Paranoid, Disorganized, and Catatonic. Explained as: a result of the urges that thatreaten the ego and cause intense conflict. Schizophrenia appears to be a brain disorder, and many studies have been done to determine how the brains of schizophrenic people differ from other people. The multifactorial model of schizophrenia illustrates how several biological and psychological factors may interact in the development of the disorder.

Personality Disorders

Types include: Paranoid Personality Disorders, Schizoid Personality Disorder, Antisocial Personality Disorder, Avoidant Personality Disorder.