Grassland Biome

Madelyn Bourgeois


The temperatures vary greatly in the grassland biome from summer to winter. In summers, temperatures can reach up to 100 degrees fahrenheit. In the grassland, rain usually occurs in late spring and early summer. There is usually, on average, 20-35 inches of rain per year, but some rain falls as snow in the winter. Fire is quite common in temperate grasslands. Lightning or human activity is the most common reason for the fires.

Plant Life

Grasses are all over temperate grasslands. Trees are rarely found in these grassland regions. There are many different species of grasses that live in this biome, including, purple needlegrass, wild oats, foxtail, ryegrass, and buffalo grass. Many animals eat the grass, but they survive because the grasses grow very close to the ground. Grasses are not easily destroyed by fire. Shrubs and trees that live in temperate grasslands are not as good as grasses at growing with the flames, and often are destroyed by fire. Wildflowers also grow well in temperate grasslands. Some flowers found in grasslands are asters, blazing stars, goldenrods, sunflowers, clovers, and wild indigos.

Animal Life

All grasslands share having little shelter from predators, and a lot of grass for food; therefore, grassland animal populations are close all over the world. The main animals in grasslands are herbivorous or plant eaters called ungulates. Ungulates are mammals with hoofs, like horses and deer. Their long legs help them run faster to get away from the grassland predators. The temperate grassland does not have many different animals.Some animals that inhabit temperate grasslands in North America are bison, antelope, birds, gophers, prairie dogs, coyotes, and insects. In some parts you’ll find similar animals to the Great Plains including lynx, antelopes, falcons, and fox. The fox and falcons relationship can be a predator and prey relationship, because fox can sometimes catch a falcon. Lynx and antelope compete for niches, so this can be referred to as competitive exclusion.

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Endangered Species and threats to the biome

With agricultural growth, many grasslands have been lost. Instead of grass, there is now corn and wheat growing in these fields. Sheep and cow also use these fields for grazing. Although food is important, these grasslands are home to several species of animals. This is biome is globally important because many animals rely on the biome for food, home, and shelter. The Red Wolf, Grey Wolf, and Cougar are just a few of the many grassland endangered animals.