Hugo Chavez (Venezuela)

Latin American Leaders Smore By:Chris Buck

Essential Question

How did Hugo Chavez affect the people of Venezuela and what effects did he have on Venezuela in total?

Birth and Before Presidency

Hugo Chavez was born in Sabaneta, Venezuela on July 28, 1954. He was the son of two school teachers. When Chavez was younger, he attended a Military academy in Venezuela. Chavez ended up graduating from the academy of Military Sciences in 1975. After a couple of years, he then served as an army officer. Chavez than began to make his own revolutionary force with the Venezuelan army in order to overthrow President Carols Andres Perez in 1992. Hugo Chavez was later thrown in jail because of his attempts in trying to overthrow the Venezuelan government. He was thrown in jail for 2 years.

Rise To Power

After being in Prison for two years, Chavez was pardoned by a man named Rafael Caldera. Caldera was the current president of Venezuela and felt as if Chavez had served his time. After being released, Chavez decided to become a politician rather than a soldier of the military. Chavez was a great and engaging speaker who ended up being elected to presidency as a "Leftist Reformer". He took office on the day of February 2nd, 1999.

During Power and Fall

After taking power, Hugo than began to create wide sweeping reforms that would completely change Venezuela. These reforms gained him different reputations from different groups of people within Venezuela. Early into his presidency, Chavez was able to create a new constitution which changed the name of the Boliviarian Republic to Venezuela. Later into his presidency, he began to gain suport and control of the state-run oil company. This started to anger the people of Venezuela and create protests. Also, relations with the United States and other nations began to weaken because of Chavez's doing. Because of this, Chavez was briefly removed from power in April of 2002 by military leaders. After Chavez returned to power, the protests still were being held. The people decided to hold a referendum or a vote, in order to decide what they would do with Chavez. The vote was held in August of 2004, and the majority of voters allowed him to stay in the office and finish off his term. Chavez continued to reign until he discovered he had cancer in the June of 2011. Chavez had to undergo surgeries in order to remove the cancerous tumors. Prior to his surgery in february of 2012, he was not elected for hsi fourth term and his presidency gad finally came to an end.
Hugo Chavez's Greatest Speech

Creative Piece

February 1994

Venezuela, a place that drastically needs change and a new leader. After graduating from my academy of military sciences I decided to become part of our country's military. I got the job as an officer in an army paratrooper unit and stayed their for many years. However, it has become well known that in 1992 I had an idea. Now to me, this idea was a next step in Venezuelan history. This country needed a change and what I had in plan was going to change the lives of these people forever. During that time of 1992, I attempted to overthrow the government completely I only did this because I felt as if these people needed help. President Carlos Andres Perez was not the leader these people wanted. They needed a stronger and smarter leader such as myself. That is the reason why I have decided to step up and take over the government However, as it has become well known, my plan to take over has failed. I have been in jail for the past two whole years because of this. While being jailed up for two years, I have thought long and hard about something. This realization is that I am going to be taking on the political side rather than the military side of Venezuela. And to start off this new transformation, I am going to start my new revolutionary party, the Fifth Republic.

Hugo Chavez


" Hugo Chávez Biography - Facts, Birthday, Life Story - ."Famous Biographies & TV Shows - . N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Mar. 2013. <>.

"Hugo Chávez." Image. UN/DPI. World History: The Modern Era. ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 27 Mar. 2013

"Hugo Chávez." World History: The Modern Era. ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 27 Mar. 2013.