Types of Speeches

Elizabeth Bunger

Manuscript Method

When speakers use this speech format, they prepare the manuscript that they will present to their audience before the affair, then they bring the script to the podium and read it aloud to them.

Example #1:

A student is presenting a speech with the subject of photosynthesis. He prepared the manuscript yesterday in class and, so he won't forget any of his material, brings the script to the front of the class in an act to read them his observations.

Example #2:

A women wanted to share her story of defeating cancer with an unfamiliar audience. She creates a speech encompassing all of her hardships and triumphs and reads it to the audience.

Memorization Method

In this speech format, the speaker only begins with a manuscript, but the rest is completely memorized.


Example #1: The student didn't want to read aloud from a manuscript, as it would take away from his performance, so he memorized his speech instead.


Example #2: In order to induce her audience more efficiently, the businesswomen memorized her pitch/speech for her program, rather than reading the manuscript.

Example #1

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Example #2:

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Impromptu Method

The speaker has had little to no preparation on the matter and must speak 'off the cuff'.

Example #1:

The businessman forgot that he was pitching his new product to some costumers today, so he had to devise a speech without any preparation.

Example #2:

The man knew that he would be able to captivate his audience in a instant; therefore, he deemed it unnecessary to develop a speech.