Retinoblastoma

Genetic Disorder By: Luke Vasilj

Introuction

Retionlastoma was discovered in 1809 by James Wardrop. Retinoblastoma is a tumor in the eye of a child normally 5 years or under. It occurs most of the time at 18 months of age. You can see if your child has it early on by taking a picture and seeing a white glow in their eye. Another way is to see if their eye doesn't look normal. Doctors take exams early on to see if the child has this disease. Sometimes it's in the family history of carrying the RB1 gene. A RB1 gene can be found by a special blood test. Another way to get retinoblastoma is by a gene mutation which is on chromosome 13. 60% inherited 40% mutations. Good news though 9/10 patients are cured!

Cure

First off, this is a rare disease so only certain doctors can do surgery/specialize on this. There are many types of way to cure it like enunciation, radiation therapy, laser therapy, cryotherapy, thermotherapy, chemotherapy, high-dose chemotherapy, cinical trials, treatment of retionblastoma, and stem cell transplant. There are groups that help deal with stress before and after surgery like Caner center for encouragement in these hospitals and American Cancer Society.

Symptoms and Likeliness

Some symptoms that retinoblastoma comes with is lazy eye, cross eyed, blindness, eye pain, redness, poor vision, and cats eye. None of this effects your life expectancy though. 200-300 children are diagnosed every year in the U.S. It doesn't matter what your race, ethnicity, or gender the likely hood of you getting it stays the same. There are no environmental factors either.