Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
• Three subtypes:
- Predominantly hyperactive-impulsive
- Predominantly inattentive
- Combined hyperactive-impulsive and inattentive
• Causes can be brain injury, environmental exposures, alcohol and tobacco use during pregnancy, premature delivery, and low birth weight.
• Treated with a combination of medication and behavior therapy.
• No single test to diagnose.
• Often lasts until adulthood
• 6.4 million US children (ages 4-17) have been diagnosed with ADHD.
• Avg. age of diagnosis is 7.
• Males are almost three times more likely to be diagnosed.
• During their lifetimes, 12.9 percent of men will be diagnosed with the attention disorder. Just 4.9 percent of women will be diagnosed.
• ADHD isn’t just a childhood disorder. Today, about 4 percent of American adults over the age of 18 deal with ADHD on a daily basis.