Gray Wolf

Josephine Celsi

Information

Current Status



  • About 5,000 gray wolves in the lower 48 states
  • Estimated 7,000 live in Alaska alone
  • As many as 50,000 live in Canada


Past Status



The gray wolf has been trapped and hunted in the past leaving the population the drop. In the 1980's there were only a few wolves left in the United States. We tried to reintroduce the gray wolf to the Rockies in 1995 and succeed by 2005. The gray wolf population rise above 1,000.


Predicted Future Status


After we brought the gray wolf back from near extinction, they started to repopulate more and more. They recovered from all the hunting and trapping in the past. The gray wolf population is expected to grow in the future.

Adaptations


The gray wolf is an amazing runner and its body helps them out. When they walk their toes actually touch the ground. On their front feet they have 5 toes and their hind feet have 4. They have canine teeth kind of like a dog which helps them out with biting and eating. Their molar teeth are capable of crushing bones. Their stomach stores food rather than quickly digesting it. The gray wolf can eat up to 20 pounds in one sitting. Lastly they can not eat for up to 2 weeks while looking for prey.


Location


The gray wolf typically lives up north.



  • Temperate forest
  • Moutains
  • Tundra
  • Taiga
  • Grassland


Wolf hunting elk - Yellowstone - BBC

History

The gray wolf was removed from the western United States in the 1900's because of loss of habitat and conflicts with people. In 1967 The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service put the wolf on the endangered species list. In the 1980's there were barely any wolves left. 1995 through 2002 we kept taking wolves and putting them into Yellowstone National Park to attempt to bring them back and it only got better for the gray wolf from there.

Threats

Conflict With People


People simply kill wolves that prey on their livestock. People are working with livestock owners to create a better method to reduce the chances of a wolf attacking a livestock. They came up with fences, lighting, and alarm systems.


Habitat Loss


We simply cut down trees and build things that decrease the size of the land that the wolves have to live off of.

Current Efforts

  • The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service in Alaska
  • Defenders of Wildlife
  • International Wolf Center
  • Mission Wolf


All of these organizations has helped the gray wolf restore its population.





The Impact

The gray wolf controls natural prey populations. For example they hunt deer and other animals to keep the population at a good number. The gray wolf is a keystone species because they balance out an ecosystem which keeps habitats in good shape, keeps them healthy. They have a huge impact on our economy also. Wolf restoration is worth $35 million dollars just for the economies of Idaho, Montana and Wyoming. They have little impact on the damage done to our livestock because it's very uncommon for wolves to eat our livestock unless it's already dead.

How can we help?

Adopt a Gray Wolf


It's a symbolic adoption that helps save real wolves in the wild.


Take Action


You can send messages to government leaders telling them your ideas.


Speak Up


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