Addictions in Adolescents

Signs and Symptoms

Addiction: Signs & Symptoms

The National Institute on Drug Abuse defines addiction as a chronic, relapsing brain disease characterized by compulsive drug seeking and use, despite harmful consequences.

Common signs and symptoms of drug addiction:

*built up a drug tolerance

*drugs are taken to avoid or relieve withdrawal symptoms

*lost control over your drug use

*life revolves around drug use

*activities abandoned you used to enjoy

Factors contributing to Drug abuse

Early Signs:

Aggressive behavior

Lack of self-control

Interactions in community, with family, at school such as:

Lack of attachment and nurturing from parents/caregiver

Ineffective parenting

If caregiver who abuses drugs

Can be avoided within family by:

Strong bonds built between children & parents

Involvement of parents in child's life

Boundaries and consistent enforcement of discipline

Outside interactions:

Academic Failure

Association with peers abusing drugs

Poor behavior in classroom or social skills

Other factors to consider:

Availability of drug

Trafficking patterns

Idea that general drug abuse in tolerated