Preventative Diseases

By: Brett Lewis Jr

Mammograms and Pap Smears

Mammograms: Test for Breast Cancer in women who show no signs of it. the mammogram takes an Xray picture of both breasts to look for lumps, tumors, and calcium deposits. There is 2 types of mammograms Screening and Diagnostic. Diagnostic is a more thorough look at the x-rays taking in the views of multiple angles Whereas Screenings are that of quick routine looks usually of only one angle. One of the biggest benefits of mammograms is that of the prevention of death via breast cancer.For most women the best age to start receiving mammograms is between 40 and 50 and they should get these yearly. (National Cancer Institute http://www.cancer.gov/types/breast/mammograms-fact-sheet) (Cancer Prevention and Treatment Fundhttp://www.stopcancerfund.org/p-breast-cancer/2012-update-when-should-women-start-regular-mammograms-40-50-and-how-often-is-regular/)

Pap smears: A Pap smear is a medical test that doctors use to look for problems with a girls cervix, This test is for girls as soon as they hit the age of 21 and test every 3 years a pap smear is an early warning to show pre-cancer.(Teen Health http://kidshealth.org/teen/sexual_health/girls/pap-smears.html)

Testicular and Prostate exams

Testicular Exams: this is a way for men to check if they have an signs of cancer on their testes Such as lumps, bumps, or anything else un usual. while is best to do between ages of 15-35 is is recommended to continue and to do after hot baths and showers. This exam can catch cancer early and allows the prevention of it spreading cause cancer caught early in this region can almost always be cured.(Teens health Testicular self examination http://kidshealth.org/teen/sexual_health/guys/tse.html)

Prostate Exams: Prostate exams look for prostate cancer in men around the ages of 45 -75+. prostate exams can prevent cancer in men by catching it early allowing treatment. You should get an exam at least every 4 years.( Diseases and Conditions Prostate Cancer http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/prostate-cancer/in-depth/prostate-cancer/art-20048087?pg=2) (Prostate exam every 4 years http://www.medicinenet.com/script/main/art.asp?articlekey=24521)