Canada in 2060

What will Canada look like demographically in the year 2060?


Canada will look different in 2060 than now. Canada will have much more Immigrants, and more population. We will have a much better relationship with the natives. We will continue to have a good economy and our population. This will be mainly due the consistent immigrants Canada gets each year. We might be also dependent on the immigrants due to fact that our baby boomers are declining.

Immigration Trends

Immigrants are a source of economy and population to Canada. Canada gets around around 250,000 immigrants every year. Canada gets most of its immigrants from countries such as China, India and Philippines. Many of the Immigrants who apply for immigration to Canada are well educated. These Immigrants mostly tend to stay in big cities such as Toronto and only the top 4 provinces such as Ontario and British Columbia. Canada saw its first heap of Immigrants during the 1910. However during the 1930's to 1945's Canada's Immigration suffered. This was mainly because of the Great Depression. However after world war 2 Canada's immigration and economy improved.

The Great Depression
During the great depression Canada lost many of its immigrants. Canada was just starting to switch form its primary industry (farming, fishing, mining and logging) to manufacturing. Canada's exporting of raw materials fell quickly. Canada's employment, prices and profit fell in every industry. However, one industry that didn't fall off during this period was bush flying, which was mainly due to the fact the mining and exploration continued its rapid growth. During this time period the Urban unemployment rate was 19% and Toronto's rate was 17% according to the census of 1931. By the year 1933, 30% of the labour force was unemployed and about 1 fifth of the Canadian population became too dependent on government assistance. The Prairie Provinces and Western Canada was in the worst condition during this time. In the rural area of the prairies, about two thirds of the population were living from government assistance. However this area fully recovered in 1939 by the end of depression. Many farmers went to cities such as Calgary, Regina, and Brandon because of the fall of wheat prices.

Well now lets get to the future. I think in 2060 Canada will have a much better improvement. Since, we have a very good economy and we are getting steady amount of Immigrants each other I don't think anything will change. More immigrants are getting attracted to Canada's freedom, safety, education and health care, etc. Well if we take a closer look at the graph below we can observe the fact that since 1990's Canada's Immigration rate went on a rise. If anything I believe Canada will have more immigrants in 2060 than ever before. I also think that in 2060 Canada wont have lack of skilled trade workers. This is mainly due to the fact many immigrants who immigrate to Canada are looking for job opportunities and immigrants who are already in the skilled trade field will get attracted to Canada because Canada has a high demand for skilled trade workers. In conclusion, I believe that in 2060 Canada will have more immigrants, and have more people in the field of skilled trade workers.

Population Trends

Currently Canada's natural increase is decreasing slowly. Since 2006 Canada is having a steady increase in population. However we have much more people who are getting older. We currently have more people who are above the age of 45. This means that in about 45 years these people will probably die. We also have much less people who are are young so in the future we will have less baby boomers. Thus, we will continue have less population in the future. So, the amount of population who can work at that time will be much more less than the workers right now. However this issue can be easily fixed by immigration. When people from Asia immigrate to Canada they bring in a lot more kids. Specially, from the countries such China, Philippines, and India, where there is a lot of population. However, the kids who come to Canada will continue a typical Canadian trend of having around 2 kids per woman by their 2nd or 3rd generation. But this might not be a problem because of the fact that Canada is getting more and more immigrants on an annual basis. The reason why women in Canada has less kids is because of the way of their thinking. People in Canada like to more time invested on a high quality children. This means that Canadians like to invest time in a few children and get them a quality life than having more children and have a less quality of life. In conclusion, in 2060 Canada will much more older people than we have right now and less population, since the baby boomers are aging.

First Nations, Metis, & Inuit

In order for Canada to succeed in the future, we need the help of the first nations. The first nations have a very high growth rate. Their fertility rate is also very high. This means that since Canada's population is decreasing in the future, we would need the the help of the first nations in order to increase. Also around 50% of the aboriginals have the age of 24 or less. This means that they could be Canada's baby boomers. This will also mean there will be more first nations who will be available to do work. So in order for Canada to have a better economy and population, we will need to build up a better relationship with the First nations. We need cancel the Indian Act in the future and give the First nations more rights. We need to also let the first nations have more equality and freedom as the the non aboriginal Canadians. In conclusion, if we start to have better relationship with the First Nations and get rid of the Indian Act, Canada could have a better economy and population in the future.
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As a conclusion, I think in 2060 Canada will have a better economy and more population. For that we will rely more on the Immigrants. We will also rely on our First Nations to get our population higher. Overall in the future Immigrants will play a huge role for Canada.
An overview of age and sex data, 2011 Census (standard version 4 x 3)