What it is and it's effect on Africa
What it is
Malaria is caused by a parasite that is passed from one human to another by the bite of infected mosquitoes. After infection, the parasites travel through one's bloodstream to the liver, where they grow and release another form of parasite, the merozoites. The parasites enter the bloodstream and infect red blood cells. Remember, it's not a virus, it's not a bacteria. It's a real animal. It's single-celled.
What it does
The parasites multiply inside the red blood cells, which then break open within 48 to 72 hours, releasing Hemoglobin, which is the O2 carrying chemical, infecting more red blood cells. The first symptoms usually occur 10 days to 4 weeks after infection, though they can appear as early as 8 days or as long as a year after infection. The symptoms occur in cycles of 48 to 72 hours. Symptoms:
Its effect on Africa
Costs to individuals and their families include buying drugs for treating malaria at home; expenses for travel to dispensaries and clinics; lost days of work; absence from school; expenses for preventive measures; expenses for burial