Black Power Movement

By: Olivia Butler

What is Black Power?

  • Black power is a rallying cry in support of the African American activists in the U.S. around the late 1960's.
  • The term "Black Power" means leadership, planning and the implementation of policy should logically be in the hands of blacks.
  • It was very violent.
  • As a sign of support African Americans would put up their fists and scream "Black Power"
  • The term "Black Power" was 1st used by the African American singer named Paul Robeson.
  • It was used to describe the political potential of blacks in the early 1957.
  • The slogan "Black Power" was adopted by SNCC (Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee) and CORE (The Congress of Racial Equality) during the civil rights march by James Meredith through Mississippi.
  • There was a national conference of African American leaders in Newark, NJ.
  • The conference what held to explore the implications of Black Power in July of 1967.

Who Is Eldridge Cleaver and What Did He Do?

  • Was born on Aug. 31st, 1935 in Wabbaseka, Arkansas but grew up in California.
  • Was known for preaching the doctrine of Black Power.
  • The doctrine states that the blacks should be organized politically so they can deal with the white society and still feel they have strength.
  • In 1966 he was paroled and joined the Black Panther Party.
  • In 1968 he wrote a book called Sol on Ice.
  • He ran as a candidate of the Peace and Freedom Party.
  • He left the U.S. and went to Algeria where he was involved in a shooting incident.
  • He later returned to the U.S. in 1975.
  • Died on May 1st of 1998.

The Black Panther Party

  • The Black Panther Party was a radical political organization in the U.S.
  • It helped the blacks learn self-defense.
  • It was found in Oklahoma.
  • They would use or carry around guns as self-defense.
  • There would be many shoot outs between the Panthers and the Police.
  • They would share their goals with White Radical and Revolutionary groups.
  • There was a disagreement between the Panthers and some other African American groups that led to the struggle of blacks as chiefly racial.
  • Due to a campaign for Seale as mayor, the Panthers were turning to more traditional political means to achieve their goals.
  • The Panthers ran a free food program, health clinic, and elementary school.
  • During the mid-1970's the Black Panther Party ended.
  • In 1989 a new Black Panther Party was formed that doesn't relate to the original Black Panther Party.
Black Panthers

How Did The Participants Demonstrate Their Belief System Through Their Protests?

The participants of the Black Power Movement showed their belief through their protests by walking through the streets with their fists in the air screaming "Black Power" as a sign of support to the blacks. They believe that they should have the same rights as the whites but also want to remain seperate from the whites and rule the blacks