2009 Chemistry Nobel Prize

By: Reid Michalski, Hannah No, Kireet Pajjur

WHO WON?

WHAT DID THEY DO?

LAB/EXPERIMENTS

-Ada went to the Dead Sea to collect ribosomes.

-Ribosomes make proteins.

-She took the ribosomes and turned them into crystals, like salt.

-She sent X-rays through the crystals to find out exactly where the ribosomes were.

-Thomas Steitz also helped Ada figure out where the ribosomes were located.

RESULT OF EXPERIMENT

-Scientists now know which parts of a ribosome are involved in a certain reaction step.

-Thanks to these three scientists we know exactly where different antibiotics attack ribosomes.

-Antibiotics are medicine that fight off your illnesses.

WHY THEY WON?

-Ramakrishnan, Steitzwon, Yonath won for their studies of the structure and function of the ribosome.

-This scientific contribution was important because they discovered how a ribosome looks and functions inside the body. Ribosomes are important because they produce proteins.

-Before this major discovery, there was a problem of not knowing where certain antibiotics were affecting the ribosomes.

-Their discovery didn't challenge previous knowledge on this topic of ribosomes.

-With the discovery of its structure and function, ribosomes are becoming important in saving lives.

-Ribosomes are major targets for new antibiotics. This research will lead to a bigger development in antibiotics and other medicine.