Seasonal Affective Disorder
TB 2 Michael Munzer
What is SAD?
Seasonal affective disorder is a form of depression that only occurs at a certain time each year, most commonly the winter.
Signs and Symptoms
Signs and symptoms of SAD include:
- Changes in mood
- Lack of enjoyment
- Low energy
Of course, all of these would affect the person in the winter only.
How it Affects Someone
With seasonal affective disorder, someone might...
- Get lower grades
- Want to sleep a lot
- Rarely feel like socializing
As mentioned a few times now, seasonal affective disorder has the abbreviation SAD.
How SAD is Diagnosed
A doctor has to carefully evaluate a patient. Care must be taken to ensure that the patient actually has SAD, and isn't suffering from some other condition.
How SAD is Treated
Seasonal affective disorder can be treated by:
- increased light exposure: going outside more often in the daylight
- Light therapy: A special light simulating sunlight is placed near a person, and the person glances at it every few minutes.
- Medication: The patient can take a certain medication to lessen the symptoms.
An Interesting Fact
In some rare cases, seasonal affective disorder can be in reverse- the depression symptoms can occur in the summer instead of the winter.