Democracy on the goldfields 1850's


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The Gold Rush

The Australian gold rushes were difficult and exhausting. There was also a lack of food and the poor had no option but to eat damper and mutton. Damper is a combination of flour, salt and water. Most diggers lived in tents and bark houses, but families lived in more stable houses, if they could afford it. There was also a lot of racism and riots in those days, such as the Eureka stockade.
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But one day the government in those days made a law saying “all gold diggers must have a licence, the licence costs 20 shillings per month” but the diggers didn’t like that so they went on a riot and built a stockade. One December morning at 1854, the troopers (who we call the police today) raided the stockade and that started the Eureka stockade. Many rebel diggers died and the survivors were jailed. The army and the troopers won. But later, to prevent this from happening again, the government took away the licence and the diggers were happy.

The end of the gold rush

The gold rush was a horrible time; it was difficult for men, women and even kids. A good meal for dinner was expensive for them. It was even hard to buy a good shelter and there was a lot of riots and racism. Many people made their fortune and some people are still rich today because they made a lot of money, but some people came too late and their was no gold left and some people didn't make enough money to become rich, so they went home broke and sad, but atleast they made a little bit of money.