Marie Antoinette

Rachael Curry

Who is she:

  • Marie Antoinette was the Dauphine of France from 1770 to 1774 and Queen of France and Navarre from 1774 to 1792
  • She was born in Vienna, Austria on November 2, 1755
  • Her death took place in Paris, France on October 16, 1793
  • She was 37 years old when she died

Marie's Background:

Queen of France, Marie Antoinette, was born in 1755. Fifteen years later, she was married to the French King, Louis XVI, and they soon became a symbol of all excesses of the reviled French Monarchy. After the outbreak of the French Revolution in 1789, the royal family was forced to live under suspensions.
Marie Antoinette

Marie Antoinette's Family:

How Marie Antoinette croaked...

Marie Antoinette was guillotined, which is the reason for her death, but she was thought to have had womb cancer before hand.

Symptoms of womb cancer:

  • Pain in lower abdomen
  • Abnormal bleeding
  • Enlarged/swollen womb
  • Loss of weight and appetite
  • Fatigue
  • Sickness
  • Constipation
  • Pain in the back of the legs

How illnesses would be dealt with then vs. now (and side effects of current treatments):

Before, womb cancer would have been treated by:
  • Sitting over a burning object
  • Recite an ancient spell and/or ritual
  • Breaking up a rock, soaking it in water for a day, and placing the rocks in the womb


Now, Womb cancer would be treated by:

  • Removing the womb
  • Radiotherapy
  • Chemotherapy
  • Hormone Therapy


Current treatments of womb cancer can cause the following side effects:


  • Leg swelling
  • Hair loss
  • irritable bladder
  • Soreness
  • Irregular bleeding

Important dates in Marie Antoinette's life:

  • May 16, 1770- Married King Louis XVI
  • December 19, 1778- Birth of first daughter, and oldest child, Marie Therese
  • October 21, 1781- Birth of first son, and second child, Louis Joseph Xavier
  • March 27, 1785- Birth of second son, and third child, Louis Charles
  • June 4, 1789- Death of oldest son, Louis Joseph Xavier
  • July 10, 1789- Beginning of French Revolution
  • April 20, 1792- France declares war on Austria
  • September 21, 1792- Fall of French Monarchy

Vocabulary:

  • Guillotine: Device created by Dr. Guillotine as a more "humane" way of killing people
  • Byzantine: Predominately the Greek-speaking continuation of the eastern half of the Roman empire
  • King Louis XVI: King of France up until he was taken out of position and executed
  • Profligate: Recklessly extravagant or wasteful use of resources
  • French Revolution: An influential period of social and political upheaval in France, inspired by Liberal and Racial ideas
The French Revolution: Crash Course World History #29