Want a Cure For Parkinson's?

Stem Cells Might Hold the Answer!

What are Stem Cells?

Stem cells are unspecialized cells that replicate to either produce more of its kind or to replace damaged or plagued cells within the body. They have the potential to develop into any other cell types within the body and are thus a strong point of interest in the research done by scientists. There are two types of stem cells; embryonic stem cells and adult stem cells, both of which arrive from their respective locations.

Where are Stem Cells Found?

Due to the fact, that there are two types of stem cells, each type comes from a different location. Initially, embryonic stem cells are pluripotent cells. Pluripotent cells can develop into most of the bodily cell types. Embryonic stem cells are found in the early development of an embryo, and have the capacity to produce anything from a nerve cell to a heart cell. However, the usage of an embryonic stem cell essentially damages the embryo, which several people distinguish as unethical or unmoral. Sequentially, another category of stem cells includes that of adult stem cells. Adult stem cells are, as the name implies, found within adults. These cell types are referred to as multipotent, because they are capable of renewing or replacing cells within the human body; due to their limited abilities, they are labelled as multipotent. "For example, adult stem cells in the bone marrow can develop into several different types of blood cells, while stem cells in the brain can produce neurons, or nerve cells." (Stem Cells and Development). For example, bone marrow within adults contain adult stem cells that are of great use for several citizens suffering from diseases such as Parkinson's, Type 1 Diabetes, as well as heart disease. Adult stem cells can also be found within the Placenta and Cord Tissue.

"This type of stem cell is derived from the mesoderm during embryonic development and can differentiate into cells of that germ layer, namely muscle, cartilage, nerve and fat." (Stem Cells: Where Do They Come From? What Are They Used For?)

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How Stem Cells Might be Used to Cure Diseases

The most common way of using stem cells to treat a disease is through a stem cell transplant. Embryonic stem cells are differentiated into the necessary cell type; then those mature cells replace the specified damaged tissue which have been affected by disease or injury. This type of treatment could be used to replace neurons damaged by spinal cord injury, stroke, Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, or other neurological problems. Cells grown to produce insulin could treat people with diabetes and heart muscle cells could repair damage after a heart attack. This list could conceivably include any tissue that is injured or diseased.

These are all inquisitive areas of research, but embryonic stem cell-based therapies go well beyond cell transplants. What researchers learn from studying how embryonic stem cells develop into heart muscle cells, for example, could provide clues about what factors may be able to directly induce the heart muscle to repair itself. The cells could be used to study disease, identify new drugs, or screen drugs for toxic side effects. Any of these would have a significant impact on human health without transplanting a single cell.

However, that being said, adult stem cells are of mush use as well. Although this stem cell type isn't as varied in differentiation as the embryonic stem cells are, they are still extremely advantageous. Adult stem cells could replace the damaged cells from neurological problems just as well as embryonic cells can.

Stem Cells and Parkinson's

Parkinson's disease affects about 1 million people nationwide, and 60, 000 more people are diagnosed with each passing day. People with Parkinson's disease lack in dopamine, which is a chemical that allows signals to be sent to the brain so that the person can do whatever they wish to. The disease targets dopamine-nerve cells within the brain, and damage it to the point where it dies. Every time a neuron dies, the victim of the disease experiences tremors and rigidity.

The local hospital is conducting a study and are looking for participants who are in the early stages of the disease! By joining this cause, you may be the next person to be relieved from the Parkinson's. How? By injecting stem cells into your body, the damaged cells can be replaced with healthy ones and thus renew the previous abilities that the person had, before they acquired the disease. Don't you want relief from the paralysis? Don't you want the ability to start a new life? Come to our local hospital, and the key to all of this awaits within the stem cells.

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