Short-Term Effects of Tobacco

Smoking and Dip Tobacco


The plant is mixed with over 4,000 chemicals to make cigarettes, cigars, loose pipe tobacco, chewing tobacco, and snuff.



  • Bad breath.
  • Bad taste in mouth.
  • Smelly hair and clothes.
  • Yellow and brown stains on teeth.
  • Lost athletic ability.
  • Damage to the respiratory system.
  • Addiction to nicotine.
  • Risk of other drug use.
  • Decreased lung capacity.
  • Limited lung growth and function if used in youth.
  • Elevated heart rate.
  • Chronic cough.
  • Increased incidence of bronchitis.
  • Increased incidence of asthma and more severe asthma.
  • Dip or Chewing Tobacco


  • Bad breath.
  • Bad taste in mouth.
  • Excess saliva production – drooling.
  • Stained teeth.
  • Stains on clothes.
  • Addiction to nicotine.
  • Receding gums (gums pull away from teeth.)
  • Permanent gum loss.
  • Sensitive teeth.
  • Increased risk of tooth decay.
  • Sores, white and red patches, and lumps in mouth. (These may be precancerous.)