Ivan Pavlov

By Alyxandria Gatewood

Ivan Pavlov

Pavlov was born on September 14, 1849 at Ryazan, where his father, Peter Dmitrievich Pavlov, was a village priest. He was educated first at the church school in Ryazan and then at the theological seminary there.

Death: 27 February 1936 (aged 86)
Leningrad, Soviet Union


Pavlov's Adventure

Pavlov became passionately absorbed with physiology, which in fact was to remain of such fundamental importance to him throughout his life. It was during this first course that he produced, in collaboration with another student, Afanasyev, his first learned treatise, a work on the physiology of the pancreatic nerves. This work was widely acclaimed and he was awarded a gold medal for it.
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Pavlov's Education and Research

Pavlov contributed to many areas of physiology and neurological sciences. Most of his work involved research in temperament conditions and involuntarily reflex actions. Pavlov performed and directed experiments on digestion, eventually publishing The Work of the Digestive Glands in 1897, after 12 years of research. His experiments earned him the 1904 Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine. These experiments included surgically extracting portions of the digestive system from animals, severing nerve bundles to determine the effects, and implanting fistulaes between digestive organs and an external pouch to examine the organ's contents. This research served as a base for broad research on the digestive systemm.