The Definition of Genocide
The 10 Stages of Genocide
- Classification - People are identified as different based on something like race, religion, or class. In Kosovo, the Serbs hate the Kosovar Albanians because Kosovo declared itself independent from Serbia. The Serbian government wants to expand Serbia's borders to include Kosovo and parts of many other countries.
- Symbolization - How a group shows their hatred of another. In Kosovo, there is not much symbolization because the groups are separated by area. The Serb population of Kosovo lives predominately in the very northern part of the country.
- Discrimination - Groups are separated and the victim group has many of their civil rights taken away. Kosovar Albanians were not allowed to go to school and were not, when Kosovo was a part of Serbia, represented in the government. Many were also fired from there jobs by Slobodan Milošević, leader of the League of Communists of Serbia and soon to be president of the Yugoslavia.
- Dehumanization - The group being discriminated against is not not given their human rights. They may be portrayed as a disease or an undesirable animal. This step is crucial because it makes it seem as though murdering these people is not actually murder. In Kosovo, mainly the Serb government did the killing. They already hated Kosovars for wanting to take away some of their land and power. They thought of them as subhumans that wanted to ruin Serbia's chances at expanding and becoming a greater power.
- Organization - The group that wants to commit genocide plans what they will do. A "final solution" is planned. After a group called the Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA) declares that they will keep attacking Serb police to protest the discrimination against the Kosovar Albanians, the Serb government begins to plan how they will reacquire the area Kosovo has taken from them.
- Polarization - The groups are separated and forbidden to interact. Large amounts of propaganda is published. People of the victim group are publicly murdered. Serbs and Kosovar Albanians had never really interacted in the first place. There were many confrontations with Serb police in Kosovo, especially along the border, in which people were killed.
- Preparation - All of the persecuted group is easily identifiable. Arms are amassed and spread to those who will be doing the killing. In Serbia, arms had been flowing into the country for a long time. The way they identified the Kosovars was solely by where they lived.
- Persecution - People are separated by some kind of wall or an immense amount of space. They are usually displaced and not allowed to bring much of their belongs. Most of the things they own are taken from them. Many were forced to flee to Albania with none of their belongings. They were not forcibly moved by the Serbs, but if they had not fled they would have been killed.
- Extermination - The mass murder of the victim group. Usually committed by the government. Sometimes they are put into camps to be killed and them they are cremated. Villages in Kosovo were raided and those who could not get out were murdered. The Serbians called this "ethnic cleansing."
- Denial - Occurs after the genocide. The government refuses to confirm the genocide ever happened. This is currently happening in Serbia and Kosovo. There is also the risk of another genocide because of the continued high tentions between Serbia and Kosovo.
This shows the very top of Kosovo where most of the ethnic Serbs were, and the rest of Kosovo that was mainly Albanian.
Members of the KLA
They planned many attacks in an attempt to stop the genocide from taking place.
President of Yugoslavia, which included Serbia, he advocated for a greater Serbia that included land from many other countries
What more could have been done
Sources used to create this flyer
"genocide". Dictionary.com Unabridged. Random House, Inc. 08 May. 2016
Stanton, Gregory H. "10 Stages of Genocide." Genocide Watch. Genocide Watch, 2013. Web. 05 May 2016.
"Kosovo Conflict." Encyclopedia Britannica. Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica Inc., 2016. Web. 08 May. 2016
"Countries at Risk." Genocide Watch. Genocide Watch, 2014. Web. 08 May 2016
"Kosovo Genocide Timeline." Kosovo Genocide Timeline. Soft Schools, n.d. Web. 08 May