Made by Melanie Griffith. :3
Edison was born Febuary 11, 1847 in the historic city of Milan,Ohio. Thomas Alva Edison was the youngest son of Samuel Ogden Edison, Jr., and Nancy Matthews Elliott Edison. Edison's parents had six other children: Marion Wallace Edison (born 1829), William Pitt Edison (born 1831), Harriet Ann "Tannie" Edison (born 1833), Carlile Snow Edison (born 1836), Samuel Ogden Edison III (born 1840) and Eliza Smith Edison (born 1844). Thomas Edison never knew his brothers Carlile and Samuel, as they died before he was born. Carlile died in 1842, and Samuel died the following year. Eliza died in December 1847, when Thomas was just a few months old.
His Father (Samuel Ogden Edison) was a versatile person and a man-of-all-work, while his mother was a teacher. Edison was mostly homeschooled by his mother ( Nancy Mathews Elliott ) since his teacher didn't really want him there due to the fact he asked too many questions. Edison became a salesman of fruit, paper, and other goods on the Grand Trunk RailRoad.
At a tender age of 12. With the help of his tiny handpress in a trash car, he wrote and published the Grand Trunk Herald in 1862, Which was sent to 400 railroad employees. The same year Edison worked as a telegraph operator trained by the father of a kid whose life he had saved. Edison was a tramp telegrapher, as he was exempted from military service due to his deafness. He was recruited in 1868 by Western Union Telegraph Company in Boston.
The first invention of Edison was a telegraph repeater in 1864, Which worked automatically, while his earliest patent was registered for an electric vote recorder. He acquired partnership in a New York electrical company in 1869, where he honed the stock ticker and sold it. With all his money, Edison paid for his own factory in Newark, N.J., where he hired technicians to help him with the inventions. His dream was to create an “invention factory.” Almost 80 “earnest men,” including physicists, mathematicians and chemists, were among his collaborators. “Invention to order” made him good money at this place.
From 1870 to 1875 Edison devised many telegraphic advances including recievers, transmitters, the duplex tape, automatic printers, light bulb , and photographs.
In 1879, using lower current electricity, a small carbonized filament, and an improved vacuum inside the globe, he was able to produce a reliable, long-lasting source of light.
The Tin Foil Phonograph
In July 1877, while developing the telephone transmitter, Edison conceived the idea of recording and playing back telephone messages. After experimenting with a telephone "diaphragm having an embossing point & held against paraffin paper moving rapidly," he found that the sound "vibrations are indented nicely" and concluded "there's no doubt that I shall be able to store up & reproduce automatically at any future time the human voice perfectly." Edison periodically returned to this idea, and by the end of November, he had developed a basic design. The first phonograph consisted of grooved cylinder mounted on a long shaft with a screw pitch of ten threads per inch and turned by a hand crank. Instead of paraffined paper, Edison used a piece of tin foil wrapped around the cylinder as a recording surface.
The Vote Recorder
Edison's first patented invention was a vote recorder for use by legislative bodies such as Congress. He may have been spurred by reports in the Telegrapher that the Washington, D.C., City Council planned to install an electric vote recorder and that the New York State legislature was considering one as well. In Edison's system, each legislator moved a switch to either a yes or a no position, thus transmitting a signal to a central recorder that listed the names of the members in two columns of metal type headed "Yes" and "No." The recording clerk then placed a sheet of chemically prepared paper over the columns of type and moved a metallic roller over the paper and type.
The Tin Foil Phonograph
The Vote Recorder
Family. [ Older ]
Wife- Mary Stilwell was born in Newark, New Jersey on September 6, 1855, the daughter of Nicholas Stilwell and Margaret Crane. At his subsidiary, the News Reporting Telegraph Company in Newark, Edison had noticed the 16-year-old punching perforations into telegraph tape. She married the 24-year-old inventor on Christmas Day 1871.
Kids- Mary and Thomas Edison’s first child was Marion Estelle, born on February 18, 1873. As a child, her nickname was “Dot,” a reference to the Morse code used to send messages on telegraphs. Between her mother’s death and her father’s remarriage, 12-year-old Marion spent a great deal of time with her father. He even sent her out to buy his cigars. She claims to have seen Edison propose marriage to Mina Miller using Morse code.
Thomas Alva, Junior, was born on January 10, 1876. Since his sister Marion was nicknamed “Dot,” he was nicknamed “Dash.” He boarded at St. Paul’s School in Concord, New Hampshire and the J.M.Hawkins School in Staten Island, New York.
William Leslie was born on October 26, 1878. Like his older brother, William boarded at St. Paul’s School, Concord, New Hampshire, and the J.M.HawkinsSchool on Staten Island. He later studied at the SheffieldScientificSchool at Yale.
Mina (pronounced MI-na) was perhaps better prepared to be the wife of a famous man. By the time she met Thomas Edison, his name was already a household word. She had a more worldly education, having graduated from AkronHigh School and having attended Mrs. Johnson’s Ladies’ Seminary in Boston. Besides, her father was a millionaire inventor himself.
Mina Miller was born on July 6, 1865, the seventh of eleven children. She met Thomas Edison at the home of a mutual friend of her father and Edison, the inventor Ezra Gilliland. Her future husband claims he taught her Morse code so that they could converse in secret, even while the family watched. This is how Edison claims he proposed marriage and how she responded “yes.” The two married on February 24, 1886.
More Kids- Affectionately nicknamed “Toots” by her relatives, Madeleine Edison was born May 31, 1888, the first Edison child to be born at Glenmont. With her intelligence and sharp wit, she might well have been brought into the family business had she not been a female. She attended Bryn Mawr College in Pennsylvania for two years.
Charles Edison was born at Glenmont on August 3, 1890. Charles graduated from the HotchkissSchool in Lakeville, Connecticut.
Theodore Miller Edison was born at Glenmont on July 10, 1898. He was named after a beloved brother of Mina who had just died in the Spanish-American War. He first attended the Haverford School in Haverford, Pennsylvania, and then Montclair Academy in Montclair, New Jersey. Finally he attended the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, from which he earned his physics degree in 1923. He was the only member of the Edison family to graduate from college.
The websites used.
"I have not failed, I've just found 10,000 ways that won't work."
"Many of life's failures are people who did not realize how close they were to success."
"There is no substitute for hard work."