Coronary Artery Disease (CAD)

Buildup of plaque or calcification (atherosclerosis)

Pathogenesis

-Atherosclerotic buildup


Smoking
Obesity
High cholesterol
High blood pressure
Sedentary lifestyle
Family history
Diabetes
High levels of stress

Signs and Symptoms

Angina
Shortness of breath (especially with exertion)
Arrhythmias
Heart attack
  • Back/Neck/Arm/Jaw pain
  • Tightness in chest
  • Dizziness
  • Fatigue/weakness

Pathological Progression

Ischemic event


-Arrhythmias

- Heart attack

-Heart failure

Diagnostic Procedures

Electrocardiogram (ECG)

Echocardiogram (Echo)

Stress Test (with or without echo)

Angiogram

Treatment

Lifestyle changes

Medication

Angioplasty or stent placement

Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG)

Possible Patient Outcomes

Full Recovery

Heart Disease

References

Beckerman, J. (2016). Coronary Artery Disease: Causes, Symptoms, Treatments. Retrieved March 18, 2016, from http://www.webmd.com/heart-disease/guide/heart-disease-coronary-artery-disease

Becks, B. (2013, December 21). SCAD - Spontaneous Coronary Artery Dissection. Retrieved March 16, 2016, from https://scad.lcbru.le.ac.uk/node/30

Coronary artery disease. (2015, December 11). Retrieved March 18, 2016, from http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/coronary-artery-disease/home/ovc-20165305

Coronary Artery Disease: MedlinePlus. (2014, September 11). Retrieved March 18, 2016, from https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/coronaryarterydisease.html

Coronary Artery Disease: MedlinePlus. (2014, September 11). [Image]. Retrieved March 18, 2016, from https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/coronaryarterydisease.html

Healthwise Staff. (2012, April 5). Coronary Artery Disease. Retrieved March 18, 2016, from https://www.cardiosmart.org/Healthwise/hw11/3087/hw113087#hw112708

Republic of the Philippines Department of Health. [Image]. Retrieved April 05, 2016, from http://www.healthpromo.doh.gov.ph/

Sreekanth. (2015, September 7). Medical Care Kerala. [Image]. Retrieved April 05, 2016, from http://medicalcarekerala.blogspot.com/2015/09/basically-angioplasty-in-done-to_7.html