Final Test Review

Jaden Werle

Inventions of Isaac Newton, Francis Bacon, Johannes Kepler, Nicolaus Copernicus, James Watt, Richard Arkwright, Eli Whitney and Henry Bessemer.

Newton: Pet door and reflecting telescope.

Francis: Scientific method.

Kepler: Kelperian telescope

Copernicus: Propose sun was center of universe.

James: Photocopier and Watt steam engine.

Richard: Spinning frame and water frame.

Whitney: Milling, interchangeable parts and cotton gin.

Bessemer: Bessemer saloon and Bessemer process.

What were the causes that led to the French Revoluntion?

1: People were tired of being walked on by the upper class.

2: Kings and Queens rich lifestyle sickened the people.

3: Kings wars and new taxes angered the people.

List and Describe the 3 Estates and the role they played in the Revolution.

1: Church, had 100,000 people in its books.

2: Noble, had reaffirmed it's local jurisdictions.

3: Rest of people, merchants and beggars.

What was the contributing factor to Napoleon's failure in Russia.

Russian's had a burn and run policy, had a long supply line and had cold winters

Ideas/Concepts of Adam Smith, Karl Marx, Locke and Voltaire.

Smith: "Invisible hand".

Marx: Labor theory of value, class struggle, alienation and communism.

Locke: Life,Liberty and Property.

Voltaire: Didn't believe in single religions.

Describe the impacts of the enlightenment thinkers of the 1700 and 1800 society.

During the enlightenment, people began to openly question their religious beliefs and the teachings of the church.

Describe the impact the American Revolution had on the rest of the world.

Economy and political.

What are the roles of Toussaint L ' Ouverture, Simon Bolivar and Jose de Martin in the Latin American Revolution?

Toussaint: President for life.

Simon: Previous offices.

Jose: Military Leader.

How are the Scientific Revolution and Enlightenment similar?

Enlightenment stressed looking at things from a Scientific perspective. The Scientific Revolution allowed Enlightenists to use their senses to discover new things about the world around them

Reasons that the Industrial Revoluntion began in Great Britain first.

1. Natural Resources.

2. Large working mass.

3. Had enough money.

4. Had enough land.

What were the impacts of the Industrial Revolution on society?

1. Lead to worldwide urbanization.

2. Ending of feudalism.

3. Rise of capitalism, socialism and communism.

Absolutism

Theory of goverment where unlimited, complete power is held by a centralized sovereign individual, with no checks or balances.

What's was Lenin's promise and slogan during the Bolshevik Revolution?

1."Bread, land and peace". It wanted poeple to have bread, land and peace

2. "All power to the soviets". It wanted supreme soviet drawn from all soviets to govern the country.

Why did Europeans "scramble for Africa" in the late 1800s?

1. End of slave trade

2. Exploration

3. Henry Morton

4. Capitalism

Stalins 5 year plan and the economy of the Soviet Union under Stalin.

1. 5 year plan: Nationwide centralized economic plan.

2. Economy: More capitalism-oriented policy

Totalitariaism and reason for its emergence during the 1920's and 1930's.

1.Toltaliriaism: Political system in which the state holds total authority over society and seeks control of all aspects of public and private life.

2. People were convinced that certain ideoloies like communism of Nazim