Southeast Asia


Singapore is located on the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula in Southeast Asia, between the Indian Ocean and the South China Sea.
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The country of Singapore consists of one main island (small and extensively urbanized) as well as over 60 small islands (islets). The middle of the main island contains a number of rounded hills; west and southwest the land is a series of low ridges, while east and southeast, the land is generally flat.The highest point of Singapore is Bukit Timah at only 545 ft. (166 m), while the lowest point is the Strait of Singapore (0 m). Singapore is drained by a large number of narrow and short streams, some of which flow into the sea through mangrove swamps, or estuaries. Water reservoirs cover parts of the central area, as there are no significant lakes or rivers.


Singapore is the capital city of Singapore. It has a population of 3,547,809, and is located on a latitue of 1.29 and longitude of 103.85.Singapore is also the political center of Singapore, which is considered a Republic, and home to its Ceremonial head of state.

Singapore Attractions /Places to visit

Singapore is one of the interesting, enjoyable and favored destinations in Southeast Asia.
Singapore's population is multi-racial, including Chinese, Malay and Indian ethnic races, thus the country's cultural and culinary heritage is diverse and fascinating.
The ethnic enclaves of Chinatown, Little India, the Arab Quarters all offer their own uniqueness in architecture, temples, restaurants, shopping and experiences.
Some of the favorite sites to see and experience include Arab Street, shopping on Orchard Road, the parks and gardens in Jurong Town, the aquariums, museums and beaches on Sentosa Island.


  • Buddhist 42.5%, Muslim 14.9%, Taoist 8.5%, Hindu 4%, Catholic 4.8%, other Christian 9.8%, other 0.7%, none 14.8%


Singapore has attempted to promote a national identity in its land of immigrants since its independence in 1965. As part of this effort, Singapore has four national languages: Mandarin, Malay, Tamil and English. For business and politics, English is the language of choice.

Singapore Society & Culture

The Family

The concepts of group, harmony, and mutual security are more important than that of the individual.
The family is the centre of the social structure and emphasizes unity, loyalty and respect for the elderly.

The term, 'family' generally includes extended family and close friends who are treated as family members.
. Respect for the elderly and seeing the family as the place one goes to for support, both help retain core values in this island nation.

Face & Respect

  • Having face indicates personal dignity.
  • Singaporeans are very sensitive to retaining face in all aspects of their lives.
  • .Face is a prized commodity that can be given, lost, taken away or earned.
  • It is a mark of personal qualities such as a good name, good character, and being held in esteem by one's peers.
  • It can also be greater than the person and extend to family, school, company, and even the nation itself.
  • Face is what makes Singaporeans strive for harmonious relationships.
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Building Relationships & Communication

  • Personal relationships are the cornerstone of all business relationships.
  • Business is a matter of being tied into the proper network, which is the result of long- standing personal relationships or the proper introductions.
  • This is a group-oriented culture, so links are often based on ethnicity, education or working for the same company.
  • Once you are recognized as part of the group, you will be accepted and expected to obey the unwritten rules of the group.
  • Relationships take time to develop.
  • You must be patient as this indicates that your organization is here for the long-term and is not looking only for short- term gains.
  • Always be respectful and courteous when dealing with others as this leads to the harmonious relationships necessary within business.
  • Rank is always respected. The eldest person in the group is revered.
  • Most Singaporeans are soft-spoken and believe a calm demeanour is superior to a more aggressive style.
  • Watch your body language and facial expressions.

Interesting Facts

  1. Singapore consists only of one main island and 63 other tiny islands. Most of these islands are uninhabited.
  2. Singapore is among the 20 smallest countries in the world, with a total land area of only 682.7 square kilometres. The USA is about 15,000 times bigger.
  3. Apart from Monaco, Singapore is the most densely populated country in the world, with 6,430 people per square kilometre.
  4. Singapore became the 117th member of the United Nations on 21 September 1965.
  5. Symbolism of the National Flag: Red symbolises universal brotherhood and equality of man while white signifies purity and virtue. The crescent moon represents a young nation on the rise and the five stars signify the ideals of democracy, peace, progress, justice and equality.
  6. The national flower of Singapore, Vanda Miss Joaquim, was first discovered in 1893 by Agnes Joaquim, an Armenian. The orchid is a natural hybrid between V. teres and V. hookeriana.
  7. The Merlion, a half-fish, half-lion beast, is a fitting symbol of Singapore. The “Singa” or lion represents the animal that a Sumatran prince saw which resembled a lion, and the fish is a tribute to Singapore’s history as “Temasek”, the ancient sea town.
  8. Singlish, a Singaporean patois mixing English with the odd phrase of Chinese, Malay and even Tamil, has two entries – lah and sinseh – in the online version of the Oxford English Dictionary.
  9. Although English is the official working language and the most widely used language in Singapore, the national anthem ‘Majulah Singapura’ is actually sung in Malay.
  10. The flying fox, the world’s largest bat with a wingspan of up to 1.5 metres, can be found on Pulau Ubin, one of the islands off mainland Singapore.
  11. Singapore is a stopover point for thousands of migratory birds travelling the East Asian Flyway.
  12. The world’s first night zoo, The Night Safari, is located in Singapore.
  13. Despite being largely urbanised, Singapore is the largest exporter of ornamental fish (25% of the world market).
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