Nitrogen

by: Mallory Sovereign

History of Nitrogen

Discovered by: Physician Daniel Rutherford in 1772

how? He did a experiment trying to figure out what the air was made of. He took a empty bottle that he turned upside down in a pan of water so that the air was trapped, he put a burning candle in the bottle, causing the water to rise. the air that was still present was nitrogen.

Properties

State: Gas at 20'C

Specific Heat: 1.040 J/g/'C

Color: Colorless

Uses

Ammonia

liquid nitrogen will freeze materials

Explosives

Compounds

NH3 -Ammonia

HNO3 - Nitric Acid

KNO3 - Potassium Nitrite

Periodic Table Info.

Atomic Number: 7

Atomic Mass: 14

# of each Particles

Protons: 7

Neutrons: 7

Electrons: 7

Nuclide Notation: 14/7 N

Hyphen Notation: Nitrogen-14

Non-Metal Group

Properties

Appearance: Dull

Density: Low

Strength: Weak

Conduction of Heat: Poor

Malleable or Brittle: Brittle

Reaction- Lithium Nitride

Reaction Type: Synthesis

Equation: 6Li + N2 = 2Li3N

Mole Ratio: Li: N2= 6:1, Li:Li3N = 6:2, N2:Li3N= 1:2

Compound- Potassium Nitrate

Formula: KNO3

Type: Ionic Bond

% of Element in Compound:

Potassium: 39%

Oxygen: 47%

Nitrogen: 14%

N-Negative

I-Inorganic

T-Tissues, forms a part of all tissues in the body

R-Rutherford discovered the element

O-Odorless

G-Gas

E-Explosives

N-Nonmetallic

Liquid Nitrogen Explosion - Cool Science Experiment

Sources

"The Element Nitrogen." It's Elemental -. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 May 2016

"The Nitrogen Family: NITROGEN!!" The Nitrogen Family: NITROGEN!!N.p., n.d. Web. 12 May 2016.

"Reactions of Main Group Elements with Nitrogen." - Chemwiki. N.p., 01 Oct. 2013. Web. 12 May 2016

"Molecular Weight of Potassium Nitrate." Molecular Weight of Potassium Nitrate. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 May 2016

"Facts About Nitrogen." LiveScience. TechMedia Network, n.d. Web. 12 May 2016.

"Nitrogen: The Essentials." Nitrogen»the Essentials [WebElements Periodic Table]. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 May 2016.